I Year General Subjects & Common subjects

ENGLISH
(Common to all Branches)
Subject Title                          :             English
Subject Code             :             Common-  101
Periods per Week     :               3
Periods per Year       :             90
Time Schedule
Sl No
Major Topics
No. of Periods
Weightrage of Marks
 No of Short Answers
No of Long Answers
1
Vocabulary
5
13
1
1
2
Grammar
30
31
7
1
3
Reading
10
10
-
1
4
Writing
30
40
-
4
5
English in Action
15
16
2
1

90
110
10
08

Rationale and Scope
Globalization has ushered in an era of opportunities for those who have the necessary competencies. Effective communication is one among them. This shift demands strengthening of English in polytechnics.  In C-14 Curriculum the focus is on the special needs of English for technicians.
. This course aims at integration of the four fold language abilities viz., listening, speaking, reading and writing. The use of English for learning technical subjects and for performing technical functions like, writing reports, giving instructions and interpreting graphics/data is of great importance. Therefore the curriculum C-14 focuses on improving communicative abilities equipping the students to become industry- ready and employable.

On completion of this course the student will be able to:

1.0       Build vocabulary in the direction of future needs
2.0       Learn various grammatical structures
3.0       Read and comprehend English and understand the details and draw inferences
4.0       Learn to be competent in various forms of written communication (writing composition and data interpretation)
5.0       Practice spoken communication suited to various situations.

 

1.0          Extend their vocabulary in the direction of their future needs
1.1          Locate words, learn spellings, understand meanings
1.2          Pronounce words intelligibly
1.3          Find synonyms and antonyms
1.4          Use affixation
1.5          Comprehend meanings of words by understanding meanings of roots

2.0                  Learn various grammatical structures
2.1          Identify and use nouns
2.2          Identify and use pronouns
2.3          Use the present tense
2.4          Use the past tense
2.5          Use the future tense
2.6          Identify and use adjectives
2.7          Identify and use adverbs
2.8          Use prepositions
2.9          Use linkers
2.10       State basic sentence structures
2.11       Construct different types of sentences
2.12       Frame questions to elicit information
2.13       Frame questions for confirmation
2.14       Use active voice
2.15       Use passive voice
2.16       Use direct speech
2.17       Use indirect speech
2.18       Identify and correct errors

3.0          Read and comprehend English
3.1          Identify the main ideas
3.2          Identify the specific details
3.3           Draw inferences
3.4          Give contextual meanings of the words
3.5          Perceive tone in a text

4.0          Learn to excel in various forms of written communication (writing composition and data interpretation)
4.1          Identify components of a good paragraph
4.2          Write types of paragraphs
4.3          Distinguish between formal and informal letters
4.4          Write personal letters
4.5          Write leave letters
4.6          Write official letters
4.7          Write letters of complaints
4.8          Prepare a resume
4.9          Write a cover letter
4.10       Write short messages
4.11       Report incidents
4.12       Report experiments
4.13       Report Industrial visits
4.14       Write work done statements
4.15       Write maintenance reports
4.16       Make notes using Cue method and Mapping method
4.17       Summarize Paragraphs
4.18       Present and Interpret Data from flow charts, tree diagrams, bar graphs, tables, pie charts



5.0                  Practice spoken communication suited to various situations.
5.1          Use appropriate expressions to greet and take leave
5.2          Use proper expressions to make requests
5.3          Use apt expressions for asking and giving directions
5.4          Use suitable expressions to seek and offer suggestions
5.5          Use suitable expressions to state intentions
5.6          Use suitable expressions to state feelings
5.7          Use appropriate expressions to state agreement and disagreement
5.8          Use proper expressions to make complaints
5.9          Use suitable expressions to express obligations

 

Course Material

The textbook prepared by the faculty of English of Polytechnics in AP.


Reference Books

1. Essential English Grammar (Intermediate Level)          Raymond Murphy
2. Learn English  ( A Fun Book of Functional Language, Grammar and Vocabulary)     
                                                                                          Santanu Sinha Chaudhuri
3. Grammar Builder ( Entire Series)                                  Oxford University Press
4. High School English Grammar ( Revised Edition)          Wren and Martin
5. Sentence skills with Readings ( fourth Edition, Tata McGraw Hill)    
                                                                                           John Langan, Paul Langan
6. Word Power Made Easy                                                 Norman Lewis
7. Spoken English                                                            Shashi Kumar and Dhamija



:                                                            Engineering Mathematics - I  
                                                                 (Common to all Branches)
Subject Title                          :            Engineering Mathematics - I
Subject Code             :             Common-  102
Periods per Week     :               5
Periods per Year       :             150
Time Schedule
S. No
Major Topic
No of Periods
Weightage of Marks
Short Type
Essay Type

Unit - I  :  Algebra
Theory
Practice

R
U
App
R
U
App
1
Logarithms
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
Partial Fractions
5
0
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
3
Matrices and Determinants
10
10
16
2
0
0
0
0
1

Unit - II : Trigonometry









4
Trigonometric Ratios
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
Compound Angles
3
2
3
1
0
0
0
0
0
6
Multiple and Submultiple angles
4
4
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
7
Transformations
4
4
5
0
0
0
1/2
0
0
8
Inverse Trigonometric Functions
3
2
5
0
0
0
0
1/2
0
9
Trigonometric Equations
3
2
5
0
0
0
1/2
0
0
10
Properties and solutions of triangles
4
4
5
0
0
0
0
0
1/2
11
Hyperbolic Functions
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
Complex Numbers
4
2
3
1
0
0
0
0
0

Unit III  :  Co-ordinate Geometry









13
Straight Lines
4
2
3
1
0
0
0
0
0
14
Circle
4
2
3
1
0
0
0
0
0
15
Conic Sections
5
4
10
0
0
0
0
1
0

Unit – IV : Differential Calculus









16
Limits and Continuity
4
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
17
Differentiation
18
10
23
1
0
0
1
1
0
S. No
Major Topic
No of Periods
Weightage of Marks
Short Type
Essay Type
Unit - V : Applications of Differentiation
Theory
Practice
R
U
App
R
U
App
18
Geometrical Applications
3
2
5
0
0
0
0
0
1/2
19
Physical Applications
2
2
5
0
0
0
0
0
1/2
20
Maxima and Minima
3
4
5
0
0
0
0
0
1/2
21
Errors and Approximations
2
0
5
0
0
0
0
0
1/2
Total
92
58
110
7
3
0
2
2  1/2
3  1/2


Marks
21
9
0
20
25
35
R:
Remembering type
41 marks
U:
Understading type
34  marks
App:
Application type
35 marks








ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS – I
COMMON TO ALL BRANCHES – 102
Objectives
Upon completion of the course the student shall be able to:
UNIT – I
Algebra
1.0       Use Logarithms in engineering calculations
1.1       Define logarithm and list its properties.
1.2       Distinguish natural logarithms and common logarithms.
1.3       Explain the meaning of e and exponential function.
1.4       State logarithm as a function and its graphical representation.
1.5       Use the logarithms in engineering calculations.
2.0       Resolve Rational Fraction into sum of Partial Fractions in engineering problems
2.1       Define the following fractions of polynomials:
1.          Rational,
2.          Proper and
3.          Improper
2.2       Explain the procedure of resolving rational fractions of the type mentioned below into partial fractions
                 
                                                   

3.0       Use Matrices for solving engineering problems
3.1       Define a matrix and order of a matrix.
3.2       State various types of matrices with examples (emphasis on 3rd order square matrices).
3.3       Compute sum, scalar multiplication and product of matrices.
3.4       Illustrate the properties of these operations such as associative, distributive, commutative properties with examples and counter examples.
3.5       Define the transpose of a matrix and write its properties.
3.6       Define symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices.
3.7       Resolve a square matrix into a sum of symmetric and skew- symmetric matrices with examples in all cases.
3.8       Define minor, co-factor of an element of a 3x3 square matrix with examples.
3.9       Expand the determinant of a 3 x 3 matrix using Laplace expansion formula.
3.10     Distinguish singular and non-singular matrices.
3.11     Apply the properties of determinants to solve problems.
3.12     Solve system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns using Cramer’s rule.
3.13     Define multiplicative inverse of a matrix and list properties of adjoint and inverse.
3.14     Compute adjoint and multiplicative inverse of a square matrix. 
3.15     Solve system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns by matrix inversion method 
3.16     State elementary row operations.
3.17     Solve a system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns by Gauss- Jordan method

UNIT – II
Trigonometry :

4.0       Understand Trigonometric Ratios

4.1       Define trigonometric ratios of any angle.
4.2       List the values of trigonometric ratios at specified values.
4.3       Draw graphs of trigonometric functions
4.4       Explain periodicity of trigonometric functions.
5.0       Solve simple problems on Compound Angles
5.1       Define compound angles and state the formulae of sin(A±B), cos(A±B), tan(A±B) and cot(A±B)
5.2       Give simple examples on compound angles to derive the values of sin150, cos150 , sin750 , cos750 ,      tan 150 , tan750  etc.
5.3       Derive identities like sin(A+B) sin(A-B) = sin 2 A –sin2  B etc.,
5.4       Solve simple problems on compound angles.
6.0       Solve problems using the formulae for Multiple and Sub- multiple Angles
6.1       Derive the formulae of multiple angles 2A, 3A etc and sub multiple angles A/2 in terms of angle A of trigonometric functions.
6.2       Derive useful allied formulas like sinA= (1- cos2A)/2 etc.,
6.3       Solve simple problems using the above formulae
7.0       Apply Transformations for solving the problems in Trigonometry
7.1       Derive the formulae on transforming sum or difference of two trigonometric ratios in to a product and vice versa- examples on these formulae.
7.2       Solve problems by applying these formulae to sum or difference or product of three or more terms.
8.0       Use Inverse Trigonometric Functions for solving engineering problems
8.1       Explain the concept of the inverse of a trigonometric function by selecting an appropriate domain and range.
8.2       Define inverses of six trigonometric functions along with their domains and ranges.
8.3       Derive relations between inverse trigonometric functions so that given A= sin-1x, express angle A in terms of other inverse trigonometric functions - with examples.
8.4       State various properties of inverse trigonometric functions and identities like              sin-1x+cos-1 x =    etc. 
8.5       Derive formulae like   etc., and solve simple problems.
9.0       Solve Trigonometric Equations in engineering applications
9.1       Explain what is meant by solutions of trigonometric equations and find the general solutions of sin x=k, cos x =k and tan x=k with appropriate examples.
9.2       Solve models of the type a sin2 x + b sin x +c=0, a cos x + b sin x=c etc., and problems using simple transformations.
10.0     Appreciate Properties of triangles and their solutions
10.1       State sine rule, cosine rule, tangent rule and projection rule.
10.2       Explain the formulae for sin A/2, cos A/2, tan A/2 and cot A/2 in terms of semi-perimeter and sides   a, b, c and solve problems.
10.3       List various formulae for the area of a triangle.
10.4       Solve problems using the above formulae.
10.5       Solve a triangle when (i) three sides, (ii) two sides and an included angle, (iii) two sides and an opposite angle-case of two solutions and (iv) one side and two angles are given.
11.0     Represent the Hyperbolic Functions in terms of logarithm functions
11.1       Define Sinh x, cosh x and tanh x and list the hyperbolic identities.
11.2       Represent inverse hyperbolic functions in terms of logarithms.
12.0     Represent Complex numbers in various forms
12.1     Define complex number, its modulus , conjugate and list their properties.
12.2     Define the operations on complex numbers with examples.
12.3     Define amplitude of a complex number
12.4     Represent the complex number in various forms like modulus-amplitude (polar) form, Exponential (Euler) form – illustrate with examples.
12.5     State DeMoivre’s theorem and its applications to complex numbers e.g., finding the roots, powers, simplifications of a complex number with illustrative examples

UNIT - III
Coordinate Geometry

13.0     Solve the problems on Straight lines
13.1     Write the different forms of a straight line – point slope form, two point form, intercept form, normal form and general form
13.2     Solve simple problems on the above forms
13.3     Find distance of a point from a line, acute angle between two lines, intersection of two non-parallel lines and distance between two parallel lines.
14.0     Solve the problems on Circles
14.1     Define locus of a point – circle and its equation.
14.2     Find the equation of a circle given
(i)           Center and radius
(ii)          Two ends of a diameter
(iii)         Centre and a point on the circumference
(iv)         Three non collinear points
(v)          Centre and tangent
14.3     Write the general equation of a circle and find the centre and radius.
14.4     Write the equation of tangent and normal at a point on the circle.
14.5     Solve the problems to find the equations of tangent and normal.
15.0     Appreciate the properties of Conics in engineering applications
15.1     Define a conic section.
15.2     Explain the terms focus, directrix, eccentricity, axes and latus rectum of a conic with illustrations.
15.3     Find the equation of a conic when focus, directrix and eccentricity are given
15.4     Describe the properties of Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola
15.5     Solve engineering problems in simple cases of Parabola and Ellipse.

UNIT - IV
Differential Calculus

16.0     Use the concepts of  Limit and Continuity for solving the problems
16.1     Explain the concept of limit and meaning of   and state the properties of limits .
16.2     Mention the Standard limits            (All without proof).
16.3     Solve the problems using the above standard limits
16.4     Evaluate the limits of the type  and
16.5     Explain the concept of continuity of a function at a point and on an interval with some examples whether a given function is continuous or not.
17.0     Appreciate Differentiation and its meaning in engineering situations
17.1     State the concept of derivative of a function y = f(x)  – definition, first principle as   
              and also provide standard notations to denote the derivative of a function.

17.2     State the significance of derivative in scientific and engineering applications.
17.3     Find the derivatives of elementary functions like  xn , ax, ex, log x, sin x, cos x, tanx, Secx, Cosecx and Cot x using the first principles.
17.4     Find the derivatives of simple functions from the first principle .
17.5     State the rules of differentiation of sum, difference, scalar multiplication, product and quotient of functions with illustrative and simple examples.
17.6     Explain the method of differentiation of a function of a function (Chain rule) with illustrative examples such as     
                       (i)             (ii)         (iii)           (iv)  .
17.7     Find the derivatives of Inverse Trigonometric functions and examples using the Trigonometric  transformations.
17.8     Explain the method of differentiation of a function with respect to another function and also differentiation of parametric functions with examples.
17.9     Find the derivatives of hyperbolic functions.
17.10   Explain the procedures for finding the derivatives of implicit function with examples.
17.11   Explain the need of taking logarithms for differentiating some functions with examples like [f(x)]g(x).
17.12   Explain the concept of finding the higher order derivatives of second and third order with examples.
17.13   Explain the concept of functions of several variables, partial derivatives and difference between the ordinary and partial derivatives with simple examples.
17.14   Explain the definition of Homogenous function of degree n
17.15   Explain Euler’s theorem for homogeneous functions with applications to simple problems.

UNIT - V
Applications of the Differentiation

18.0     Understand the Geometrical Applications of Derivatives
18.1     State the geometrical meaning of the derivative as the slope of the tangent to the curve y=f(x) at any point on the curve.
18.2     Explain the concept of derivative to find the slope of tangent and to find the equation of tangent and normal to the curve y=f(x) at any point on it.
18.3     Find the lengths of tangent, normal, sub-tangent and sub normal at any point on the curve y=f(x) .
18.4     Explain the concept of angle between two curves and procedure for finding the angle between two given curves with illustrative examples.
19.0     Understand the Physical Applications of Derivatives
19.1     Explain the derivative as a rate of change in distance-time relations to find the velocity and acceleration of a moving particle with examples.
19.2     Explain the derivative as a rate measurer in the problems where the quantities like volumes, areas vary with respect to time- illustrative examples.
20.0     Use Derivatives to find extreme values of functions
20.1     Define the concept of increasing and decreasing functions.
20.2     Explain the conditions to find points where the given function is increasing or decreasing with   illustrative examples.
 20.3    Explain the procedure to find the extreme values (maxima or minima) of a function of single variable - simple problems yielding maxima and minima.
20.4     Solve problems on maxima and minima in applications like finding areas, volumes, etc.
21.0     Use Derivatives to find Errors and Approximations
21.1     Find the absolute error, approximate error, relative error and percentage error in functions of single variable.







COURSE CONTENT
Unit-I
Algebra
1. Logarithms :
Definition of logarithm and its properties, natural and common logarithms; the meaning of e     and exponential function, logarithm as a function and its graphical representation.

2. Partial Fractions :
Rational, proper and improper fractions of polynomials. Resolving rational fractions in to their   partial fractions covering the types mentioned below:

                 
                                       
Matrices:
3. Definition of matrix, types of matrices-examples, algebra of matrices-equality of two matrices, sum, scalar  multiplication and product of matrices. Transpose of a matrix-Symmetric, skew symmetric matrices-Minor, cofactor of an element-Determinant of a square matrix-Laplace’s expansion, properties of determinants. Singular and non singular matrices-Adjoint and multiplicative inverse of a square matrix- examples-System of linear equations in 3 variables-Solutions by Cramers’s rule, Matrix inversion method-examples-Elementary row operations on matrices -Gauss-Jordan method to solve a system of equations.

Unit-II
Trigonometry :
4.Trigonometric ratios: definition  of trigonometric ratios of any angle, values of trigonometric ratios at specified values, draw graphs of trigonometric functions, periodicity of trigonometric functions.
5. Compound angles: Formulas of sin(A±B), cos(A±B), tan(A±B),cot(A±B),and related identities with problems.
6. Multiple and sub multiple angles: trigonometric ratios of multiple angles 2A,3A and submultiple angle A/2  with problems.
7. Transformations of products into sums or differences and vice versa simple problems
8.  Inverse trigonometric functions : definition, domains and ranges-basic properties- problems.
9. Trigonometric equations: concept of a solution, principal value and general solution of trigonometric equations :
sin x =k , cos x= k, tan x =k.
Solutions of simple quadratic equations, equations involving usage of transformations- problems.
10. Properties and solutions of triangles: relation between sides and angles of a triangle- sine rule, cosine rule, tangent rule and projection rule-area of a triangle- solving a triangle- problems.
11.  Hyperbolic functions: Definitions of hyperbolic functions, identities of hyperbolic functions, inverse hyperbolic functions and expression of inverse hyperbolic functions in terms of logarithms.
12. Complex Numbers : Definition of a complex number, Modulus and conjugate of a complex number, Arithmetic operations on complex numbers, Modulus- Amplitude (polar) form, Exponential form(Euler) form of a complex number- Problems. DeMoivre’s Theorem and its applications in complex numbers- Simple problems.

UNIT-III
Coordinate geometry
13. Straight lines: various forms of straight lines, angle between lines, perpendicular distance from a point, distance between parallel lines-examples.
14. Circle: locus of a point, Circle definition-Circle equation given (i) center and radius, (ii) two ends of a diameter (iii) centre and a point on the circumference (iv) three non collinear points and (v) centre and tangent equation -  general equation of a circle - finding center, radius: tangent, normal to circle at a point on it.
15. Definition of a conic section, equation of a conic when focus directrix and eccentricity are given. Properties of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola, standard forms - applications of parabola and ellipse to engineering situations.


UNIT-IV
Differential Calculus
16. Concept of Limit- Definition- Properties of Limits and Standard Limits -Simple Problems-Continuity of a  function at a point- Simple Examples only.
17. Concept of derivative- definition (first principle)- different notations-derivatives of elementary functions - problems.  Derivatives of sum, product, quotient, scalar multiplication of functions - problems.  Chain rule, derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of parametric functions, derivative of hyperbolic, implicit functions, logarthmic differentiation – problems in each case.  Higher order derivatives - examples – functions of several variables – partial differentiation, Euler’s theorem-simple problems.

UNIT-V
Applications of Derivatives:
18. Geometrical meaning of the derivative, equations of Tangent and normal to a curve at any point.  Lengths of  tangent, normal, subtangent and subnormal to the curve at any point .  Angle between the curves - problems.
19. Physical applications of the derivative – velocity, acceleration, derivative as a rate Measure – Problems.
20. Applications of the derivative to find the extreme values – Increasing and decreasing functions, finding the maxima and minima of simple functions - problems leading to applications of maxima and minima.
21. Applications of derivative in finding errors and approximations of functions and simple problems.

Reference Books :
1.    A text book of matrices by Shanti Narayan,
2.    Plane Trigonometry,  by S.L Loney
3.    Co-ordinate Geometry, by S.L Loney
4.    Thomas Calculus,  Pearson Addison-Wesley publishers
5.    Calculus – I, by Shanti Narayan and Manicavachgam Pillai, S.V Publications


ENGINEERING PHYSICS

Subject Title                          :           Engineering Physics
Subject Code                         :           Common -103
Periods per week                 :           04
Total periods per year          :           120

TIME SCHEDULE
S.No
Major Topics
No. of
Periods
Weightage of Marks
Short
Answer Type
Essay Type
1.
Units and Dimensions
08
03
1
-
2.
Elements of Vectors
12
13
1
1
3.
Kinematics
12
13
1
1
4.
Friction
08

10
-
1
5.
Work, Power and Energy
10
10
-
1
6.
Simple Harmonic Motion
12
13
1
1
7.
Heat & Thermodynamics
12


13
1
1
8.
Sound
12
13
1
1
9.
Properties of matter
10
06
2
-
10.
Electricity & magnetism
14
13
1
1
11.
Modern Physics
10
03
1
-

Total:
120
110
10
8

OBJECTIVES
            Upon completion of the course the student shall be able to

1.0      Understand the concept of Units and dimensions
             1.1       Explain the concept of Units
             1.2       Define the terms
        a) Physical quantity, b) Fundamental physical quantities and
        c) Derived physical quantities
1.3       Define unit
1.4       Define fundamental units and derived units
1.5       State SI units with symbols
1.6       State Multiples and submultiples in SI system
1.7       State Rules of writing S.I. units
1.8       State advantages of SI units
1.9       Define Dimensions
1.10    Write Dimensional formulae
1.11     Derive dimensional formulae of physical quantities
1.12     List dimensional constants and dimensionless quantities
1.13     State the principle of Homogeneity of Dimensions
1.14     State the applications of Dimensional analysis
1.15     State the limitations of dimensional analysis

2.0       Understand the concept of Elements of Vectors
              2.1      Explain the concept of Vectors
              2.2      Define Scalar and Vector quantities
              2.3      Give examples for scalar and vector quantities
              2.4      Represent vectors graphically
              2.5      Classify the Vectors
              2.6      Resolve the vectors
            2.7      Determine the Resultant of a vector by component method
            2.8      Represent a vector in space using unit vectors ( I, j, k )
            2.9      State triangle law of addition of vectors
            2.10    State parallelogram law of addition of vectors
            2.11    Illustrate parallelogram law of vectors in case of flying bird and sling.
            2.12    Derive expression for magnitude and direction of resultant of two vectors
            2.13    State polygon law of addition of vectors
            2.14    Explain subtraction of vectors
            2.15    Define Dot product of two vectors with examples (Work done, Power)
            2.16    Mention the properties of Dot product
            2.17    Define Cross products of two vectors with examples (Torque, Linear velocity)
            2.18    Mention the properties of Cross product.
            2.19    Solve the related numerical problems

3.0       Understand the concept of Kinematics
            3.1     Write the equations of motion in a straight line
            3.2     Explain the acceleration due to gravity
3.3     Derive expressions for vertical motion
a) Maximum Height, b) time of ascent, c) time of descent, and d) time of flight
3.4     Derive height of a tower when a body projected vertically upwards from the top of
 a tower.
              3.5     Explain projectile motion with examples
              3.6     Explain Horizontal projection
              3.7     Derive an expression for the path of a projectile in horizontal projection
              3.8     Explain oblique projection
              3.9     Derive an expression for the path of projectile in oblique projection
              3.10   Derive formulae for projectile in oblique projection
a) Maximum Height, b) time of ascent, c) time of descent, and d) time of flight
                        e) Horizontal Range, f) Maximum range
              3.11   Solve the related numerical problems

4.0         Understand the concept of Friction
   4.1    Define friction
   4.2    Classify the types of friction
   4.3    Explain the concept of Normal reaction
   4.4    State the laws of friction
   4.5    Define coefficients of friction
   4.6    Explain the Angle of friction
   4.7    Derive an expression for acceleration of a body on a rough horizontal surface
               4.8    Derive an expression for the displacement and time taken to come to rest over a
                         rough horizontal surface
   4.9    Define Angle of repose
   4.10  Derive expressions for acceleration of a body on a smooth inclined plane (up
            and down)
   4.11  Derive expressions for acceleration of a body on a rough inclined plane (up
            and down)
   4.12  List the Advantages and Disadvantages of friction
   4.13  Mention the methods of minimizing friction
   4.1Solve the related numerical problems
5.0       Understand the concept of Work, Power, and Energy
            5.1       Define the terms 1.Work, 2. Power and Energy
            5.2       State SI units and dimensional formula for 1.Work, 2. Power, and Energy
            5.3       Define potential energy
          5.4       Derive the expression for Potential energy with examples
          5.5       Define kinetic energy
          5.6       Derive the expression for kinetic energy with examples
          5.7       State the Work- Energy theorem
          5.8       Explain the relation between Kinetic energy and momentum
          5.9       State the law of conservation of energy
        5.10    Verify the law of conversion of energy in the case of a freely falling body
          5.11     Solve the related numerical problems

6.0         Understand the concept of Simple harmonic motion
              6.1     Define Simple harmonic motion
            6.2     State the conditions of Simple harmonic motion
            6.3     Give examples for Simple harmonic motion
            6.4     Show that the tip of the projection of a body on to the diameter, when moving in circular path with uniform speed is SHM
            6.5     Derive expression for displacement
            6.6     Derive expression for velocity
            6.7     Derive expression for acceleration
            6.8     Derive expression for Time period and frequency of S H M
            6.9     Define phase of S H M
            6.10   Define Ideal simple pendulum and derive expression for Time period of simple    pendulum
            6.11   State the laws of simple pendulum
            6.12   Solve the related numerical problems

7.0         Understand the concept of Heat and thermodynamics
            7.1     Explain the concept of expansion of gases
            7.2     State and explain Boyle’s law ,also express it in terms of  density
            7.3     State Charles law in terms of absolute temperature
            7.4     Define absolute zero temperature
            7.5     Explain absolute scale of temperature
            7.6     Define ideal gas
            7.7     Derive the Ideal gas equation
            7.8     Define  Specific gas constant and Universal gas constant
            7.9     Explain why universal gas constant is same for all gases
            7.10   State SI unit of universal gas constant
            7.11   Calculate the value of universal gas constant
            7.12   State the gas equation in terms of density
            7.13   Distinguish between r and R
            7.14   Explain Isothermal process with the help of P-V and T-Ø diagram
        7.15   Explain adiabatic process with the help of P-V and T-Ø diagram
            7.16   Distinguish between isothermal and adiabatic process
            7.17   State first and second laws of thermodynamics
            7.18   Define specific heats & molar specific heats of a gas
            7.19   Derive the relation Cp – Cv = R ( Mayer’s  Equation)
            7.20   Solve the related numerical problems


8.0         Understand the concept of Sound
            8.1     Define the term sound
            8.2     Explain longitudinal and transverse wave motion
            8.3     Distinguish between musical sound and noise
            8.4     Explain noise pollution and state SI unit for sound
            8.5     Explain causes of noise pollution
            8.6     Explain effects of noise pollution
            8.7     Explain methods of minimizing noise pollution
            8.8     Explain the phenomenon of beats
            8.9     List the applications of beats
            8.10   Define Doppler effect
            8.11   List the Applications of Doppler effect
             8.12   Explain reverberation and reverberation time
             8.13   Write Sabine’s formula
             8.14   Explain echoes
             8.15   State conditions of good auditorium
             8.16   Solve the related numerical problems

9.0         Understand the properties of matter
            9.1     Define the term Elasticity
            9.2     Define the terms stress and strain
        9.3   State the units and dimensional formulae for stress and strain
            9.4     State the Hooke’s law
            9.5     Define the surface tension
            9.6     Explain Surface tension with reference to molecular theory
            9.7     Define angle of contact
            9.8     Define the capillarity
            9.9     Write the formula for surface tension based on capilarity
            9.10    Explain the concept of Viscosity
            9.11     Provide examples for surface tension and Viscosity 
                9.12    State Newton’s formula for viscous force
            9.13    Define co-efficient of viscosity          
            9.14    Explain the effect of temperature on viscosity of liquids and gases
             9.15    State Poiseulle’s equation for Co-efficient of viscosity
             9.16    Solve the related numerical problems

10.0       Understand the concept of Electricity and Magnetism
            10.1   Explain the concept of Electricity
            10.2   State the Ohm’s law
        10.3  Explain the Ohm’s law
            10.4   Define specific resistance, conductance and their units
            10.5   State Kichoffs laws
            10.6   Explain Kichoffs laws
            10.7   Describe Wheatstone’s bridge with legible sketch
            10.8   Derive expression for balancing condition of Wheatstone’s bridge
            10.9   Describe Meter Bridge with legible sketch
            10.10  Write the formula in Meter Bridge to determine specific resistance
            10.11  Explain the concept of magnetism
            10.12  State the Coulomb’s inverse square law of magnetism
            10.13   Define magnetic field and magnetic lines of force
                10.14  State the Magnetic induction field strength-units and dimensions
            10.15  Describe the moment of couple on a bar magnet placed in a uniform magnetic field      10.16      Derive Magnetic induction field strength at a point on the axial line
            10.17  Derive Magnetic induction field strength at a point on the equatorial line
             10.18  Solve the related numerical problems

11.0     Understand the concept of Modern physics
                11.1     Explain Photo-electric effect
                11.2     Write Einstein‘s photoelectric equation
                11.3     State laws of photoelectric effect
                11.4      Explain the Working of photoelectric cell
                11.5     List the Applications of photoelectric effect
                11.6     Recapitulate refraction of light and its laws
          11.7    Define critical angle
                11.8     Explain the Total Internal Reflection
                11.9     Explain the principle and working of Optical Fiber
                11.10    Mention types of optical fibbers
                11.11    List the applications of Optical Fiber
                11.12   Define super conductor and superconductivity
                11.13   List the examples of superconducting materials
                11.14   List the applications of superconductors

COURSE CONTENT
1.         Units and Dimensions:
Introduction – Physical quantity – Fundamental and Derived quantities – Fundamental and Derived units- SI units –Multiples and Sub multiples – Rules for writing S.I. units-Advantages of SI units – Dimensions and Dimensional formulae- Dimensional constants and Dimensionless quantities- Principle of Homogeneity- Advantages and limitations of Dimensional analysis- - Problems.

2.         Elements of Vectors:
Scalars and Vectors Types of vectors(Proper Vector, Null Vector, Unit Vector, Equal , Negative Vector, Like Vectors, Co-Initial Vectors, Co-planar Vectors and Position Vector).Addition of vectors- Representation of vectors- Resolution of vectors - Parallelogram, Triangle and Polygon laws of vectors–Subtraction of vectors-  Dot and Cross products of vectors-Problems

3.         Kinematics:
Introduction- Concept of acceleration due to gravity- Equations of  motion for a freely falling body and for a body thrown up vertically- Projectiles- Horizontal and Oblique projections- Expressions for maximum height, time of flight, range - problems

4.        Friction:
Introduction to friction- Causes- Types of friction- Laws of friction- Angle of repose-Angle of friction Motion of a body over a horizontal surface- smooth inclined plane- rough inclined plane- Advantages and disadvantages of friction- Methods of reducing friction Problems
5.        Work, Power and Energy:
Work, Power and Energy- Definitions and explanation- potential energy- kinetic energy-Derivations of Potential and Kinetic energies-K.E and Momentum relation - Work-Energy theorem- Law of Conservation of energy- Problems
6.        Simple Harmonic Motion:
Introduction- Conditions of SHM- Definition- Examples- Expressions for displacement, velocity, acceleration, Time period, frequency and phase in SHM- Time period of a simple pendulum- Laws of simple pendulum-seconds pendulum- Problems

7.        Heat and Thermodynamics:
Expansion of Gases- Boyles law- Absolute scale of temperature- Charles laws- Ideal gas equation- Universal gas constant- Differences between r and R- Isothermal and adiabatic processes- Laws of thermodynamics- Specific heats - molar specific heats of a gas –Derivation of Mayer’s Equation- Problems

8.        Sound:
Sound- Nature of sound- Types of wave motion -musical sound and noise- Noise pollution – Causes & effects- Methods of reducing noise pollution- Beats- Doppler effect- Echo- Reverberation-Reverberation time-Sabine s formula-Condition of good auditorium- Problems

9.         Properties of matter
Definition of Elasticity –Definition of stress and strain -the units and dimensional formulae for stress and strain-The Hooke’s law- Definition of surface tension-Explanation of  Surface tension with reference to molecular theory - Definition of angle of contact - Definition of capillarity -The formula for surface tension based on capillarity - Explanation of  concept of Viscosity - Examples for surface tension and Viscosity - Newton’s formula for viscous force- Definition of co-efficient of viscosity- The effect of temperature on viscosity of liquids and gases - Poiseuille’s equation for Co-efficient of viscosity- The related numerical problems

10.      Electricity & Magnetism:
Ohms law and explanation- Specific resistance- Kirchoff s laws- Wheatstone’s bridge - Meter bridge-  Coulomb’s inverse square law magnetic field- magnetic lines of force-Magnetic induction field strength-  magnetic induction field strength at a point on the axial line - magnetic induction field strength at a point on the equatorial line –problems.

11.     Modern Physics;
Photoelectric effect –Einstein’s photoelectric equation-laws of photoelectric effect - photoelectric cell –Applications of photo electric effect- Total internal reflection- fiber optics- -principle and working of an optical fiber-types of optical fibers - Applications of optical fibers- concept of superconductivity - applications



REFERENCE BOOKS
                1. Intermediate physics Volume-I                                    Deepthi
                2. Unified physics Volume 1,2,3 and 4                                           Dr.S.L Guptha and Sanjeev Guptha
                3. Text book of physics Volume I                                                    Resnick & Holiday
                4. Text book of applied physics                                                       Dhanpath Roy
                5. Fibre optics                                                                                       D.A Hill
               

Blue Print for setting question paper at different levels

S.No
Major Topics
No. of
Periods
Weightage of Marks
Short answer
type
Essay type
K
U
A
K
U
A
1.
Units and Dimensions
08
03
1
0
0
0
0
0
2.
Elements of Vectors
12
13
0
0
1
0
1
0
3.
Kinematics
12
13
0
1
0
1
0
0
4.
Friction
08

10
0
0
0
0
1
0
5.
Work, Power and Energy
10
10
0
0
0
0
1
0
6.
Simple Harmonic Motion
12
13
0
0
1
0
1
0
7.
Heat & Thermodynamics
12


13
0
1
0
1
0
0
8.
Sound
12
13
0
1
0
0
0
1
9.
Properties of Matter
10
06
1
1
0
0
0
0
10.
Electricity & magnetism
14
13
0
1
0
 0
1
0
11.
Modern Physics
10
03
1
0
0
0
  0
0

Total:
120
110
3
5
2
2   2
5
1










 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY & ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
(Common to all Branches)

Subject Title                         :  Engineering Chemistry & Environmental Studies
Subject Code                       :  Common -104  
  Periods per week               :  04
Total periods per year        : 120
Time Schedule
S.No
Major topic
No of Periods
Weight age of marks
Short type (3marks)
Essay type (10 marks)
remarks
R
U
A
R
U
A
A. ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY
1
Fundamentals of Chemistry
18
16
1
0
1
0
1
0

2
Solutions
10
8
1
0
0
0
0
1/2
5 mark
3
Acids and bases
10
8
0
0
1
0
1/2
0
5 mark
4
Principles of Metallurgy
10
10
0
0
0
1
0
0

5
Electrochemistry

14
13
0
1
0
0
0
1

6
Corrosion
8
10
0
0
0
0
1
0

7
Water Technology
14
13
1
0
0
1
0
0

8
Polymers
12
13
1
0
0
1
0
0

9
Fuels

6
3
1
0
0
0
0
0

B. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
18
16
1
1
0
0
1
0


total
120
110
6
2
2
3
3 1/2
1 1/2



18
6
6
30
35
15



OBJECTIVES
           
Upon completion of the course the student shall be able to

A. ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY
1.0 Understand the concept of Atomic structure
1.1     Explain the fundamental particles of an atom like electron, proton and neutron etc.,
1.2     Explain the concept of atomic number and mass number
1.3     State the Postulates of Bohr’s atomic theory and its limitations
1.4     Explain the concept of Quantum numbers with examples
1.5     Explain 1.Aufbau’s principle, 2.Hunds rule and 3.Paulis exclusion principle with respect to electron stability
1.6     Define Orbital in an atomic structure
1.7     Draw the shapes of s, p and d Orbitals in an atomic structure
1.8     Distinguish between Orbit and Orbital
1.9     Write the electronic configuration of elements up to atomic number 30
1.10   Explain the significance of chemical bonding
1.11   Explain the Postulates of Electronic theory of valency
1.12   Define the four types of Chemical bonding viz.,Ionic, Covalent, Coordinate covalent and Metallic
1.13   Explain the four types of Chemical bonding viz.,Ionic, Covalent, Coordinate covalent and  Metallic
1.14   Explain bond formation in NaCl and MgO
1.15   List Properties of Ionic compounds
1.16   Explain bond formation in Hydrogen molecule, Oxygen molecule, and Nitrogen molecule using Lewis dot method
1.17   List Properties of Covalent compounds
1.18   Explain Metallic bond with Electron sea model theory
1.18   Define the terms 1.Oxidation, 2.Reduction and 3.Oxidation number
1.19   Calculate the Oxidation Number
1.20   Differentiate between Oxidation Number and Valency

2.0      Calculate Molarity, Molality and Normality of given Solution
2.1      Define the terms 1.Solution, 2.Solute and 3.Solvent
2.2      Classify  solutions based on physical state and solubility
2.3      Define mole
2.4    Explain, with examples, the ‘Mole concept’
2.5      Define the terms 1. Atomic weight, 2. Molecular weight and 3. Equivalent weight
2.6      Calculate Molecular weight and Equivalent weight of given  Acids, Bases and Salts
2.7      Define 1.Molarity, 2. Molality and 3.Normality of solutions
2.8      Explain with examples Normality
2.9      Solve Numerical problems on Mole, Molarity and Normality

3.0      Understand the concepts of Acids and bases
3.1      Explain Arrhenius theory of Acids and Bases
3.2    State the limitations of Arrhenius theory of Acids and Bases
3.3      Explain Bronsted Lowry theory of acids bases
3.4      State the limitations of Bronsted Lowry theory of acids bases
3.5      Explain Lewis theory of acids and bases
3.6      State the limitations of Lewis theory of acids and bases
3.7      Explain the Ionic product of water
3.8      Define pH and explain Sorenson scale
3.9      Solve the Numerical problems on pH (Strong Acids and Bases)
3.10    Define buffer solution
3.11  Give atleast three examples for buffer solutions
3.12    State the applications of buffer solution

4. 0     Understand the Principles of Metallurgy
4.1      List at least eight Characteristics of Metals
4.2      Distinguish between Metals and Non Metals
4.3      Define the terms 1.Mineral, 2.Ore, 3. Gangue, 4. Flux and 5. Slag
4.4      Describe the methods of concentration of ore like 1.Hand picking,2. Levigation, and 3. Froth
           Floatation
4.5      Describe the methods involved in extraction of crude metal- Roasting, Calcination and     Smelting.
4.6      Explain the purification of Metals by Electrolytic Refining
4.7      Define an Alloy
4.8      Write the Composition of the following alloys:1.Brass, 2.German silver,  and Nichrome
4.9   List the uses of following Alloys: Brass, German silver, Nichrome

5.0      Understand the concepts of Electrochemistry
5.1      Define the terms1. conductor,  2. Insulator, 3.Electrolyte and 4.Non electrolyte
5.2      Distinguish between metallic conduction and Electrolytic conduction
5.3      Explain Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation
5.4      Explain electrolysis by taking example fused NaCl
5.5      Explain Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
5.6      Define 1.Chemical equivalent and 2.Electrochemical equivalent
5.7      Solve the Numerical problems based on Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
5.8      Define Galvanic cell
5.9    Explain the construction and working of Galvanic cell
5.10    Distinguish between electrolytic cell and galvanic cell
5.11    Explain the standard electrode potentials
5.12    Explain the electrochemical series and its significance
5.13    Explain the emf of a cell
5.14    Solve the numerical problems on emf of cell


6.0      Understand the concept of Corrosion
6.1      Define the term corrosion
6.2      Explain the Factors influencing the rate of corrosion
6.3      Explain the concept of electrochemical theory of corrosion
6.4      Describe the formation of a) composition cells, b) stress cells c) concentration cells
6.5      Explain the mechanism of rusting of iron
6.6      Explain the methods of prevention of corrosion: a) Protective coatings
        b) Cathodic protection (Sacrificial anode process and Impressed voltage process)

7. 0     Understand the concept of Water Technology
7.1      State the various Sources of water like Surface and sub surface sources
7.2      Define the terms soft water and hard water with respect to soap consumption
7.3      Define the term hardness of water
7.4    Explain the various types of hardness of water like temporary and permanent hardness
7.5    List the usual chemical compounds causing hardness of water (with Formulae)
7.6      State the disadvantages of using hard water in industries
7.7      Define Degree of hardness, units of hardness (mg/L)
7.8      Explain the methods of softening of hard water: a) Ion-Exchange process, b)Permutit process
7.9      Explain Municipal  treatment of water for drinking purpose.
7.10    Osmosis and Reverse Osmosis
7.11    List the advantages of RO
7.12    State three essential qualities of drinking water like
           1).Safety,  2). Economy and 3)..Aesthetic

8.0      Understand the concepts of Polymers
8.1      Explain the concept of polymerisation
8.2   Describe the methods of polymerisation  a) addition polymerisation of Ethylene b) condensation polymerisation of phenol and formaldehyde (Only flow chart i.e. without chemical equations)
8.3      Define the term plastic
8.4      Classify the plastics with examples
8.5      Distinguish between thermo and thermosetting plastics
8.6      List the Characteristics of plastics
8.7      State the advantages of  plastics over traditional materials
8.8      State the disadvantages of using plastics.
8.9      Explain the methods of preparation of the following plastics:
        1. Polythene, 2. PVC, 3.Teflon, 4. Polystyrene and  5. Urea formaldehyde
8.9      Explain the uses of the following plastics:
            1. Polythene, 2. PVC,   3.Teflon, 4.  Polystyrene and 5. Urea formaldehyde
8.10    Define the term natural rubber
8.11    State the structural formula of Natural rubber
8.12    Explain the processing of Natural rubber from latex
8.13    List the Characteristics of natural rubber
8.14    Explain the process of Vulcanization
8.15    List the Characteristics of Vulcanized rubber
8.16    Define the term Elastomer
8.17    Describe the preparation of the following synthetic rubbers  a) Butyl rubber, b) Buna-s and c) Neoprene rubber
8.18    List the uses of the following synthetic rubbers  a) Butyl rubber, b) Buna-s and c) Neoprene rubber

9.0      Understand the concepts of Fuels
9.1      Define the term fuel
9.2      Classify the fuels based on physical state solid, liquid and gaseous fuels,
9.3    Classify the fuels based on occurrence- primary and secondary fuels
9.4      List the characteristics of  good fuel
9.5      State the composition and uses of gaseous fuels:
           a) water gas,   b) producer gas, c) natural gas, d) coal gas, e) Bio gas and f) acetylene

B.      ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
1.1     Define the term environment
1.2   Explain the scope and importance of environmental studies
1.3    Explain the following terms 1).Lithosphere, 2).Hydrosphere, 3).Atmosphere, 4).Biosphere, 5)Pollutant, 6).Pollution, 7).Contaminant receptor - sink, particulates, dissolved oxygen, 8).Threshold limit value, 9).BOD, and 10).COD
1.4     Explain the growing energy needs
1.5     State the differences between renewable and non renewable energy sources-alternative energy sources.
1.6     Define an Ecosystem- biotic component, abiotic component and  energy component,
1.7     Define the terms:
       1).Producers,  2).Consumers  and 3).Decomposers with examples.
1.8     Explain biodiversity and threats to biodiversity
1.9     Define air pollution
1.10   Classify the air pollutants- based on origin and physical state of matter
1.11   Explain the causes of air pollution
1.12   Explain the use and over exploitation of forest resources and deforestation
1.13   Explain the effects of air pollution on human beings, plants and animals
1.14   Explain the green house effect - ozone layer depletion and acid rain
1.15   Explain the methods of control of air pollution
1.16   Define water pollution
1.17   Explain the causes of water pollution
1.18   Explain the effects of water pollution on living and non living things
1.19   Understand the methods of control of water pollution.

COURSE CONTENT
A.      ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY
1.      Fundamentals of Chemistry
Atomic Structure:  Introduction - Fundamental particles – Bohr’s theory – Quantum numbers - Aufbau principle - Hunds rule - Pauli’s exclusion Principle- Orbitals, shapes of s, p and d orbitals - Electronic configurations of elements
Chemical Bonding: Introduction – types of chemical bonds – Ionic and covalent bond with examples Properties of Ionic and Covalent compounds-Coordinate covalent bond– Metallic bond
Oxidation-Reduction: Concepts of Oxidation-Reduction, Oxidation Number- calculations, differences between Oxidation Number and Valency
2.      Solutions
Introduction-concentration methods – Mole concept, Molarity, Molality, Normality, Equivalent weights, Numerical problems on Mole, Molarity and Normality
3.      Acids and Bases
Introduction – theories of acids and bases and limitations – Arrhenius theory-Bronsted –Lowry theory – Lewis acid base theory – Ionic product of water pH and related numerical problems buffer solutions –Applications.
4.      Principles of Metallurgy
Characteristics of Metals and distinctions between Metals and Non Metals, Metallurgy, ore, Gangue, Flux, Slag -  Concentration of Ore –Hand picking, Levigation, Froth floatation – Methods of Extraction of crude Metal – Roasting, Calcination, Smelting – Alloys – Composition and uses of Brass, German silver and Nichrome
5.      Electrochemistry
Conductors, insulators, electrolytes - Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation – electrolysis – Faraday’s laws of electrolysis- numerical problems – Galvanic cell –  standard electrode potential – electro chemical series –emf and numerical problems on emf of a cell
6.      Water technology
Introduction –soft and hard water causes of hardness types of hardness
–disadvantages of hard water – degree of hardness (ppm) – softening methods – permutit process – ion exchange process – numerical problems related to degree of hardness – drinking water – municipal treatment of water for drinking purpose – Osmosis, Reverse Osmosis -  advantages of Reverse osmosis
7.      Introduction - factors influencing corrosion - electrochemical theory of corrosion - composition, stress and concentration cells rusting of iron and its mechanism – prevention of corrosion by coating methods, cathodic protection
8.       Polymers
Introduction – polymerization – types of polymerization – addition, condensation with examples – plastics – types of plastics – advantages of plastics over traditional materials – Disadvantages of using plastics – preparation and uses of the following plastics: 1. Polythene  2. PVC   3. Teflon 4.  Polystyrene   5. Urea formaldehyde – Rubber – Natural rubber – processing from latex –Vulcanization – Elastomers – Butyl rubber, Buna-s, Neoprene rubber and their uses.
9.      Fuels
Definition and classification of fuels characteristics of good fuel - composition and uses of gaseous fuels.
B.            ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
Introduction environment –scope and importance of environmental studies important terms – renewable and non-renewable energy sources Concept of ecosystem, producers, consumers and decomposers – Biodiversity, definition and threats to Biodiversity.
air pollution - causes-Effects  forest resources : uses and over exploitation, deforestation, acid rain, green house effect –ozone depletion – control of air pollution – Water pollution – causes – effects – control measures,

REFERENCE BOOKS

1.         Intermediate chemistry Vol 1&2         Telugu Academy
2.         Intermediate chemistry Vol 1&2         Vikram Publishers
3.         Intermediate chemistry Vol 1&2         Vignan Publishers & Deepthi Publishers
4.         Engineering Chemistry                       Jain & Jain
5.         Engineering Chemistry                       O.P. Agarwal, Hi-Tech.
6.         Engineering Chemistry                       Sharma
7.         Engineering Chemistry                       A.K. De


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