ENGLISH
(Common
to all Branches)
Subject Title
: English
Subject Code : Common 101
Periods per Week : 3
Periods per Year : 90
Time Schedule
Sl No

Major Topics

No. of Periods

Weightrage of Marks

No of Short Answers

No of Long Answers

1

Vocabulary

5

13

1

1

2

Grammar

30

31

7

1

3

Reading

10

10



1

4

Writing

30

40



4

5

English in
Action

15

16

2

1

90

110

10

08

Rationale and Scope
Globalization has ushered in an era of
opportunities for those who have the necessary competencies. Effective
communication is one among them. This shift demands strengthening of English in
polytechnics. In C14 Curriculum the
focus is on the special needs of English for technicians.
. This course aims at integration of
the four fold language abilities viz., listening, speaking, reading and
writing. The use of English for learning technical subjects and for performing
technical functions like, writing reports, giving instructions and interpreting
graphics/data is of great importance. Therefore the curriculum C14 focuses on
improving communicative abilities equipping the students to become industry
ready and employable.
On
completion of this course the student will be able to:
1.0 Build vocabulary in the direction
of future needs
2.0 Learn various grammatical
structures
3.0 Read and comprehend
English and understand the details and draw inferences
4.0 Learn
to be competent in various forms of written communication (writing composition
and data interpretation)
5.0 Practice spoken
communication suited to various situations.
1.0
Extend their
vocabulary in the direction of their future needs
1.1
Locate words, learn
spellings, understand meanings
1.2
Pronounce words
intelligibly
1.3
Find synonyms and
antonyms
1.4
Use affixation
1.5
Comprehend meanings
of words by understanding meanings of roots
2.0
Learn
various grammatical structures
2.1
Identify and use
nouns
2.2
Identify and use
pronouns
2.3
Use the present
tense
2.4
Use the past tense
2.5
Use the future
tense
2.6
Identify and use
adjectives
2.7
Identify and use
adverbs
2.8
Use prepositions
2.9
Use linkers
2.10 State basic sentence structures
2.11 Construct different types of sentences
2.12 Frame questions to elicit information
2.13 Frame questions for confirmation
2.14 Use active voice
2.15 Use passive voice
2.16 Use direct speech
2.17 Use indirect speech
2.18 Identify and correct errors
3.0
Read and
comprehend English
3.1
Identify the main
ideas
3.2
Identify the
specific details
3.3
Draw inferences
3.4
Give contextual
meanings of the words
3.5
Perceive tone in a
text
4.0
Learn to
excel in various forms of written communication (writing composition and data
interpretation)
4.1
Identify components
of a good paragraph
4.2
Write types of
paragraphs
4.3
Distinguish between
formal and informal letters
4.4
Write personal
letters
4.5
Write leave letters
4.6
Write official
letters
4.7
Write letters of
complaints
4.8
Prepare a resume
4.9
Write a cover
letter
4.10 Write short messages
4.11 Report incidents
4.12 Report experiments
4.13 Report Industrial visits
4.14 Write work done statements
4.15 Write maintenance reports
4.16 Make notes using Cue method and Mapping method
4.17 Summarize Paragraphs
4.18 Present and Interpret Data from flow charts, tree diagrams, bar graphs,
tables, pie charts
5.0
Practice
spoken communication suited to various situations.
5.1
Use appropriate
expressions to greet and take leave
5.2
Use proper
expressions to make requests
5.3
Use apt expressions
for asking and giving directions
5.4
Use suitable
expressions to seek and offer suggestions
5.5
Use suitable
expressions to state intentions
5.6
Use suitable
expressions to state feelings
5.7
Use appropriate
expressions to state agreement and disagreement
5.8
Use proper
expressions to make complaints
5.9
Use suitable
expressions to express obligations
Course Material
The textbook prepared by the faculty of English of
Polytechnics in AP.
Reference
Books
1. Essential English Grammar (Intermediate
Level) Raymond Murphy
2. Learn English
( A Fun Book of Functional Language, Grammar and Vocabulary)
Santanu Sinha Chaudhuri
3. Grammar Builder ( Entire Series) Oxford
University Press
4. High School English Grammar ( Revised
Edition) Wren and Martin
5. Sentence skills with Readings ( fourth Edition,
Tata McGraw Hill)
John Langan, Paul Langan
6. Word Power Made Easy
Norman Lewis
7. Spoken English
Shashi Kumar and Dhamija
: Engineering
Mathematics  I
(Common to all Branches)
Subject
Title : Engineering Mathematics  I
Subject
Code : Common 102
Periods
per Week : 5
Periods
per Year : 150
Time Schedule


S. No

Major Topic

No of Periods

Weightage of Marks

Short Type

Essay Type


Unit  I : Algebra

Theory

Practice

R

U

App

R

U

App


1

Logarithms

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

Partial
Fractions

5

0

3

0

1

0

0

0

0

3

Matrices and
Determinants

10

10

16

2

0

0

0

0

1

Unit  II : Trigonometry


4

Trigonometric
Ratios

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

Compound
Angles

3

2

3

1

0

0

0

0

0

6

Multiple and
Submultiple angles

4

4

3

0

1

0

0

0

0

7

Transformations

4

4

5

0

0

0

1/2

0

0

8

Inverse
Trigonometric Functions

3

2

5

0

0

0

0

1/2

0

9

Trigonometric
Equations

3

2

5

0

0

0

1/2

0

0

10

Properties
and solutions of triangles

4

4

5

0

0

0

0

0

1/2

11

Hyperbolic
Functions

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

12

Complex
Numbers

4

2

3

1

0

0

0

0

0

Unit III : Coordinate Geometry


13

Straight
Lines

4

2

3

1

0

0

0

0

0

14

Circle

4

2

3

1

0

0

0

0

0

15

Conic
Sections

5

4

10

0

0

0

0

1

0

Unit – IV : Differential Calculus


16

Limits and
Continuity

4

2

3

0

1

0

0

0

0

17

Differentiation

18

10

23

1

0

0

1

1

0

S. No

Major Topic

No of Periods

Weightage of Marks

Short Type

Essay Type


Unit  V : Applications of Differentiation

Theory

Practice

R

U

App

R

U

App


18

Geometrical
Applications

3

2

5

0

0

0

0

0

1/2

19

Physical
Applications

2

2

5

0

0

0

0

0

1/2

20

Maxima and
Minima

3

4

5

0

0

0

0

0

1/2

21

Errors and
Approximations

2

0

5

0

0

0

0

0

1/2

Total

92

58

110

7

3

0

2

2 1/2

3 1/2


Marks

21

9

0

20

25

35


R:

Remembering
type

41 marks


U:

Understading
type

34 marks


App:

Application
type

35 marks

ENGINEERING
MATHEMATICS – I
COMMON
TO ALL BRANCHES – 102
Objectives
Upon completion of the course the
student shall be able to:
UNIT – I
Algebra
1.0 Use
Logarithms in engineering calculations
1.1 Define logarithm and list its properties.
1.2 Distinguish natural logarithms and common
logarithms.
1.3 Explain the meaning of e and exponential
function.
1.4 State logarithm as a function and its
graphical representation.
1.5 Use the logarithms in engineering
calculations.
2.0 Resolve
Rational Fraction into sum of Partial Fractions in engineering problems
2.1 Define the following fractions of
polynomials:
1.
Rational,
2.
Proper and
3.
Improper
2.2
Explain the procedure of resolving
rational fractions of the type mentioned
below into partial fractions
3.0 Use Matrices for solving engineering
problems
3.1 Define a
matrix and order of a matrix.
3.2 State
various types of matrices with examples (emphasis on 3^{rd} order
square matrices).
3.3 Compute
sum, scalar multiplication and product of matrices.
3.4
Illustrate the properties of these operations such as associative,
distributive, commutative properties with examples and counter examples.
3.5 Define
the transpose of a matrix and write its properties.
3.6 Define
symmetric and skewsymmetric matrices.
3.7 Resolve a square matrix into a sum of
symmetric and skew symmetric matrices with examples in all cases.
3.8 Define
minor, cofactor of an element of a 3x3 square matrix with examples.
3.9 Expand the
determinant of a 3 x 3 matrix using Laplace expansion formula.
3.10 Distinguish
singular and nonsingular matrices.
3.11 Apply the
properties of determinants to solve problems.
3.12 Solve
system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns using Cramer’s rule.
3.13 Define
multiplicative inverse of a matrix and list properties of adjoint and inverse.
3.14 Compute
adjoint and multiplicative inverse of a square matrix.
3.15 Solve
system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns by matrix inversion method
3.16 State
elementary row operations.
3.17 Solve a
system of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns by Gauss Jordan method
UNIT – II
Trigonometry :
4.0
Understand Trigonometric Ratios
4.1 Define trigonometric ratios of any angle.
4.2 List the values of trigonometric ratios at
specified values.
4.3 Draw graphs of trigonometric functions
4.4 Explain periodicity of trigonometric
functions.
5.0 Solve simple problems on Compound Angles
5.1 Define compound angles and state the
formulae of sin(A±B), cos(A±B), tan(A±B) and cot(A±B)
5.2 Give simple examples on compound angles to
derive the values of sin15^{0}, cos15^{0} , sin75^{0} ,
cos75^{0} , tan 15^{0}
, tan75^{0} etc.
5.3 Derive identities like sin(A+B) sin(AB) =
sin ^{2} A –sin^{2} B
etc.,
5.4 Solve simple problems on compound angles.
6.0 Solve
problems using the formulae for Multiple and Sub multiple Angles
6.1 Derive
the formulae of multiple angles 2A, 3A etc and sub multiple angles A/2 in terms
of angle A of trigonometric functions.
6.2 Derive
useful allied formulas like sinA= (1 cos2A)/2 etc.,
6.3 Solve
simple problems using the above formulae
7.0 Apply
Transformations for solving the problems in Trigonometry
7.1 Derive
the formulae on transforming sum or difference of two trigonometric ratios in
to a product and vice versa examples on these formulae.
7.2 Solve
problems by applying these formulae to sum or difference or product of three or
more terms.
8.0 Use
Inverse Trigonometric Functions for solving engineering problems
8.1 Explain
the concept of the inverse of a trigonometric function by selecting an appropriate
domain and range.
8.2 Define
inverses of six trigonometric functions along with their domains and ranges.
8.3 Derive
relations between inverse trigonometric functions so that given A= sin^{1}x,
express angle A in terms of other inverse trigonometric functions  with
examples.
8.4 State
various properties of inverse trigonometric functions and identities like sin^{1}x+cos^{1}
x = etc.
8.5 Derive
formulae like etc., and
solve simple problems.
9.0 Solve
Trigonometric Equations in engineering applications
9.1 Explain what is meant by solutions of
trigonometric equations and find the general solutions of sin x=k, cos x =k and
tan x=k with appropriate examples.
9.2 Solve
models of the type a sin^{2} x + b sin x +c=0, a cos x + b sin x=c
etc., and problems using simple transformations.
10.0 Appreciate
Properties of triangles and their solutions
10.1
State sine rule, cosine rule,
tangent rule and projection rule.
10.2 Explain the formulae for sin A/2, cos A/2,
tan A/2 and cot A/2 in terms of semiperimeter and sides a, b, c and solve problems.
10.3
List various formulae for the area
of a triangle.
10.4
Solve problems using the above
formulae.
10.5
Solve a triangle when (i) three
sides, (ii) two sides and an included angle, (iii) two sides and an opposite
anglecase of two solutions and (iv) one side and two angles are given.
11.0 Represent
the Hyperbolic Functions in terms of logarithm functions
11.1 Define
Sinh x, cosh x and tanh x and list the hyperbolic identities.
11.2 Represent
inverse hyperbolic functions in terms of logarithms.
12.0 Represent
Complex numbers in various forms
12.1 Define
complex number, its modulus , conjugate and list their properties.
12.2 Define the
operations on complex numbers with examples.
12.3 Define
amplitude of a complex number
12.4
Represent the complex number in
various forms like modulusamplitude (polar) form, Exponential (Euler) form –
illustrate with examples.
12.5
State DeMoivre’s theorem and its
applications to complex numbers e.g., finding the roots, powers,
simplifications of a complex number with illustrative examples
UNIT  III
Coordinate Geometry
13.0 Solve the
problems on Straight lines
13.1
Write the different forms of a straight
line – point slope form, two point form, intercept form, normal form and
general form
13.2 Solve
simple problems on the above forms
13.3
Find distance of a point from a line,
acute angle between two lines, intersection of two nonparallel lines and distance
between two parallel lines.
14.0 Solve the problems on Circles
14.1 Define
locus of a point – circle and its equation.
14.2 Find the
equation of a circle given
(i)
Center
and radius
(ii)
Two
ends of a diameter
(iii)
Centre
and a point on the circumference
(iv)
Three
non collinear points
(v)
Centre
and tangent
14.3 Write the
general equation of a circle and find the centre and radius.
14.4 Write the
equation of tangent and normal at a point on the circle.
14.5 Solve the
problems to find the equations of tangent and normal.
15.0 Appreciate
the properties of Conics in engineering applications
15.1 Define a
conic section.
15.2 Explain the
terms focus, directrix, eccentricity, axes and latus rectum of a conic with
illustrations.
15.3 Find the
equation of a conic when focus, directrix and eccentricity are given
15.4 Describe
the properties of Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola
15.5 Solve
engineering problems in simple cases of Parabola and Ellipse.
UNIT  IV
Differential Calculus
16.0 Use the
concepts of Limit and Continuity for
solving the problems
16.1 Explain the
concept of limit and meaning of and state the
properties of limits .
16.2 Mention
the Standard limits (All without proof).
16.3 Solve the
problems using the above standard limits
16.4 Evaluate
the limits of the type and
16.5 Explain
the concept of continuity of a function at a point and on an interval with some
examples whether a given function is continuous or not.
17.0 Appreciate
Differentiation and its meaning in engineering situations
17.1 State
the concept of derivative of a function y = f(x) – definition, first principle as
and also
provide standard notations to denote the derivative of a function.
17.2 State the
significance of derivative in scientific and engineering applications.
17.3 Find
the derivatives of elementary functions like
x^{n} , a^{x}, e^{x}, log x, sin x, cos x, tanx,
Secx, Cosecx and Cot x using the first principles.
17.4 Find the
derivatives of simple functions from the first principle .
17.5
State the rules of differentiation of
sum, difference, scalar multiplication, product and quotient of functions with
illustrative and simple examples.
17.6
Explain the method of differentiation
of a function of a function (Chain rule) with illustrative examples such
as
(i) (ii)
(iii)
(iv)
.
17.7 Find
the derivatives of Inverse Trigonometric functions and examples using the
Trigonometric transformations.
17.8
Explain the method of differentiation
of a function with respect to another function and also differentiation of
parametric functions with examples.
17.9 Find the derivatives
of hyperbolic functions.
17.10 Explain the
procedures for finding the derivatives of implicit function with examples.
17.11 Explain
the need of taking logarithms for differentiating some functions with examples
like [f(x)]^{g(x)}.
17.12 Explain
the concept of finding the higher order derivatives of second and third order
with examples.
17.13
Explain the concept of functions of
several variables, partial derivatives and difference between the ordinary and
partial derivatives with simple examples.
17.14 Explain the
definition of Homogenous function of degree n
17.15 Explain
Euler’s theorem for homogeneous functions with applications to simple problems.
UNIT  V
Applications
of the Differentiation
18.0 Understand
the Geometrical Applications of Derivatives
18.1 State the geometrical meaning of the derivative as the slope
of the tangent to the curve y=f(x) at any point on the curve.
18.2
Explain the concept of derivative to
find the slope of tangent and to find the equation of tangent and normal to the
curve y=f(x) at any point on it.
18.3 Find
the lengths of tangent, normal, subtangent and sub normal at any point on the
curve y=f(x) .
18.4
Explain the concept of angle between
two curves and procedure for finding the angle between two given curves with
illustrative examples.
19.0 Understand
the Physical Applications of Derivatives
19.1
Explain the derivative as a rate of
change in distancetime relations to find the velocity and acceleration of a
moving particle with examples.
19.2
Explain the derivative as a rate
measurer in the problems where the quantities like volumes, areas vary with
respect to time illustrative examples.
20.0 Use
Derivatives to find extreme values of functions
20.1 Define the
concept of increasing and decreasing functions.
20.2
Explain the conditions to find points
where the given function is increasing or decreasing with illustrative examples.
20.3 Explain
the procedure to find the extreme values (maxima or minima) of a function of
single variable  simple problems yielding maxima and minima.
20.4 Solve
problems on maxima and minima in applications like finding areas, volumes, etc.
21.0 Use
Derivatives to find Errors and Approximations
21.1
Find the absolute error, approximate
error, relative error and percentage error in functions of single variable.
COURSE
CONTENT
UnitI
Algebra
1.
Logarithms :
Definition of logarithm
and its properties, natural and common logarithms; the meaning of e and exponential function, logarithm as a
function and its graphical representation.
2. Partial Fractions :
Rational,
proper and improper fractions of polynomials. Resolving rational fractions in to their partial fractions covering the types
mentioned below:
Matrices:
3. Definition of matrix, types of
matricesexamples, algebra of matricesequality of two matrices, sum,
scalar multiplication and product of
matrices. Transpose of a matrixSymmetric, skew symmetric matricesMinor,
cofactor of an elementDeterminant of a square matrixLaplace’s expansion,
properties of determinants. Singular and non singular matricesAdjoint and
multiplicative inverse of a square matrix examplesSystem of linear equations
in 3 variablesSolutions by Cramers’s rule, Matrix inversion
methodexamplesElementary row operations on matrices GaussJordan method to
solve a system of equations.
UnitII
Trigonometry :
4.Trigonometric
ratios: definition of trigonometric ratios of any angle, values
of trigonometric ratios at specified values, draw graphs of trigonometric
functions, periodicity of trigonometric functions.
5. Compound angles: Formulas of
sin(A±B), cos(A±B), tan(A±B),cot(A±B),and related identities with problems.
6. Multiple and sub multiple angles:
trigonometric ratios of multiple angles 2A,3A and submultiple angle A/2 with problems.
7. Transformations of products into sums or differences
and vice versa simple problems
8. Inverse trigonometric
functions : definition, domains and rangesbasic properties problems.
9. Trigonometric equations: concept of
a solution, principal value and general solution of trigonometric equations :
sin x
=k , cos x= k, tan x =k.
Solutions
of simple quadratic equations, equations involving usage of transformations
problems.
10. Properties and solutions of
triangles: relation between sides and angles of a triangle sine rule, cosine
rule, tangent rule and projection rulearea of a triangle solving a triangle
problems.
11.
Hyperbolic functions: Definitions of hyperbolic functions, identities of
hyperbolic functions, inverse hyperbolic functions and expression of inverse
hyperbolic functions in terms of logarithms.
12. Complex Numbers : Definition of a
complex number, Modulus and conjugate of a complex number, Arithmetic
operations on complex numbers, Modulus Amplitude (polar) form, Exponential
form(Euler) form of a complex number Problems. DeMoivre’s Theorem and its
applications in complex numbers Simple problems.
UNITIII
Coordinate
geometry
13. Straight lines: various forms of
straight lines, angle between lines, perpendicular distance from a point,
distance between parallel linesexamples.
14. Circle: locus of a point, Circle definitionCircle
equation given (i) center and radius, (ii) two ends of a diameter (iii) centre
and a point on the circumference (iv) three non collinear points and (v) centre
and tangent equation  general equation
of a circle  finding center, radius: tangent, normal to circle at a point on
it.
15. Definition of a conic section,
equation of a conic when focus directrix and eccentricity are given. Properties
of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola, standard forms  applications of parabola
and ellipse to engineering situations.
UNITIV
Differential
Calculus
16. Concept of Limit Definition
Properties of Limits and Standard Limits Simple ProblemsContinuity of a function at a point Simple Examples only.
17. Concept of derivative definition (first
principle) different notationsderivatives of elementary functions 
problems. Derivatives of sum, product,
quotient, scalar multiplication of functions  problems. Chain rule, derivatives of inverse
trigonometric functions, derivative of a function with respect to another
function, derivative of parametric functions, derivative of hyperbolic,
implicit functions, logarthmic differentiation – problems in each case. Higher order derivatives  examples –
functions of several variables – partial differentiation, Euler’s
theoremsimple problems.
UNITV
Applications
of Derivatives:
18. Geometrical meaning of the
derivative, equations of Tangent and normal to a curve at any point. Lengths of
tangent, normal, subtangent and subnormal to the curve at any point
. Angle between the curves  problems.
19. Physical applications of the
derivative – velocity, acceleration, derivative as a rate Measure – Problems.
20. Applications of the derivative to
find the extreme values – Increasing and decreasing functions, finding the
maxima and minima of simple functions  problems leading to applications of
maxima and minima.
21. Applications of derivative in
finding errors and approximations of functions and simple problems.
Reference Books :
1.
A text book of matrices by Shanti Narayan,
2.
Plane Trigonometry, by S.L Loney
3.
Coordinate Geometry, by S.L Loney
4.
Thomas Calculus, Pearson
AddisonWesley publishers
5.
Calculus – I, by Shanti Narayan and Manicavachgam Pillai, S.V
Publications
ENGINEERING PHYSICS
Subject Title : Engineering Physics
Subject Code : Common 103
Periods per week : 04
Total periods
per year : 120
TIME SCHEDULE
S.No

Major
Topics

No.
of
Periods

Weightage of
Marks

Short
Answer Type

Essay Type

1.

Units and Dimensions

08

03

1



2.

Elements of Vectors

12

13

1

1

3.

Kinematics

12

13

1

1

4.

Friction

08

10



1

5.

Work, Power and Energy

10

10



1

6.

Simple Harmonic Motion

12

13

1

1

7.

Heat & Thermodynamics

12

13

1

1

8.

Sound

12

13

1

1

9.

Properties of matter

10

06

2



10.

Electricity & magnetism

14

13

1

1

11.

Modern Physics

10

03

1



Total:

120

110

10

8

OBJECTIVES
Upon completion of the course the student shall be
able to
1.0 Understand the concept of Units and dimensions
1.1 Explain the concept of Units
1.2 Define the terms
a)
Physical quantity, b) Fundamental physical quantities and
c) Derived
physical quantities
1.3 Define
unit
1.4 Define
fundamental units and derived units
1.5 State SI units with symbols
1.6 State Multiples and submultiples in SI system
1.7 State Rules of writing S.I. units
1.8 State advantages of SI units
1.9 Define Dimensions
1.10 Write Dimensional formulae
1.11 Derive dimensional formulae of physical quantities
1.12 List dimensional constants and dimensionless quantities
1.13 State the principle
of Homogeneity of Dimensions
1.14 State the applications of Dimensional analysis
1.15 State the limitations of dimensional analysis
2.0 Understand
the concept of Elements of Vectors
2.1 Explain
the concept of Vectors
2.2 Define Scalar and Vector quantities
2.3 Give examples
for scalar and vector quantities
2.4 Represent
vectors graphically
2.5 Classify the Vectors
2.6 Resolve
the vectors
2.7 Determine
the Resultant of a vector by component
method
2.8 Represent
a vector in space using unit vectors
( I, j, k )
2.9 State triangle law of addition of vectors
2.10 State parallelogram law of addition of vectors
2.11 Illustrate parallelogram law of vectors in case of flying bird
and sling.
2.12 Derive
expression for magnitude and direction of resultant of two vectors
2.13 State polygon
law of addition of vectors
2.14 Explain subtraction of vectors
2.15 Define
Dot product of two vectors with examples (Work
done, Power)
2.16 Mention the properties of Dot product
2.17 Define Cross products of two vectors with examples (Torque, Linear velocity)
2.18 Mention the properties of Cross product.
2.19 Solve the
related numerical problems
3.0 Understand the concept of Kinematics
3.1 Write
the equations of motion in a straight
line
3.2 Explain
the acceleration due to gravity
3.3 Derive expressions
for vertical motion
a) Maximum Height, b) time of ascent, c) time of descent, and d)
time of flight
3.4 Derive height of a tower when a body projected vertically upwards from the top of
a tower.
3.5 Explain projectile motion with examples
3.6 Explain Horizontal projection
3.7 Derive an expression for the path of a projectile in horizontal projection
3.8 Explain oblique projection
3.9 Derive an expression for the path of projectile
in oblique projection
3.10 Derive formulae for projectile in oblique projection
a) Maximum Height, b) time of ascent, c) time of descent, and d)
time of flight
e)
Horizontal Range,
f) Maximum range
3.11 Solve the
related numerical problems
4.0 Understand the concept of Friction
4.1 Define friction
4.2 Classify the types of
friction
4.3 Explain the concept of Normal reaction
4.4 State the laws
of friction
4.5 Define coefficients of friction
4.6 Explain the Angle of friction
4.7 Derive
an expression for acceleration of a body on a rough horizontal surface
4.8 Derive an expression for the displacement and time taken
to come to rest over a
rough horizontal surface
4.9 Define Angle of repose
4.10 Derive expressions for acceleration of a body on a smooth
inclined plane (up
and down)
4.11 Derive expressions for acceleration of a body on a rough inclined plane (up
and down)
4.12 List the Advantages and Disadvantages of friction
4.13 Mention the methods of minimizing friction
4.14 Solve the related numerical problems
5.0 Understand the concept of Work, Power,
and Energy
5.1 Define the terms 1.Work, 2. Power and Energy
5.2 State SI units
and dimensional formula for 1.Work,
2. Power, and Energy
5.3 Define potential
energy
5.4 Derive the expression for Potential energy with examples
5.5 Define kinetic energy
5.6 Derive the expression for kinetic energy with examples
5.7 State the Work Energy theorem
5.8 Explain the relation between
Kinetic energy and momentum
5.9 State the law of conservation of energy
5.10 Verify the law of
conversion of energy in the case of
a freely falling body
5.11 Solve the
related numerical problems
6.0 Understand the concept of
Simple harmonic motion
6.1 Define Simple
harmonic motion
6.2 State the conditions of Simple
harmonic motion
6.3 Give examples
for Simple harmonic motion
6.4 Show that the tip of the projection of a body on to the
diameter, when moving in circular path with uniform speed is SHM
6.5 Derive expression
for displacement
6.6 Derive expression for velocity
6.7 Derive expression for acceleration
6.8 Derive expression
for Time period and frequency
of S H M
6.9 Define phase of S H M
6.10 Define Ideal simple pendulum and derive expression for Time period of simple pendulum
6.11 State the
laws of simple pendulum
6.12 Solve the related numerical problems
7.0 Understand the concept
of Heat and thermodynamics
7.1 Explain
the concept of expansion of gases
7.2 State and explain Boyle’s law
,also express it in terms of density
7.3 State Charles
law in terms of absolute temperature
7.4 Define absolute
zero temperature
7.5 Explain absolute
scale of temperature
7.6 Define ideal
gas
7.7 Derive the Ideal
gas equation
7.8 Define Specific gas
constant and Universal gas constant
7.9 Explain why universal
gas constant is same for all gases
7.10 State SI unit of universal gas constant
7.11 Calculate
the value of universal gas constant
7.12 State the gas equation
in terms of density
7.13 Distinguish between r and R
7.14 Explain Isothermal process with the help of
PV and TØ diagram
7.15 Explain adiabatic process with the help of
PV and TØ diagram
7.16 Distinguish between
isothermal and adiabatic process
7.17 State first and second
laws of thermodynamics
7.18 Define specific heats & molar specific heats of a gas
7.19 Derive the
relation C_{p} – C_{v} = R ( Mayer’s Equation)
7.20 Solve the related numerical problems
8.0 Understand the concept of
Sound
8.1 Define
the term sound
8.2 Explain
longitudinal and transverse wave motion
8.3 Distinguish
between musical sound and noise
8.4 Explain noise pollution and state SI unit for sound
8.5 Explain causes
of noise pollution
8.6 Explain effects of noise pollution
8.7 Explain methods of minimizing
noise pollution
8.8 Explain the phenomenon of beats
8.9 List
the applications of beats
8.10 Define
Doppler effect
8.11 List the Applications of Doppler
effect
8.12 Explain reverberation and reverberation time
8.13 Write Sabine’s formula
8.14 Explain echoes
8.15 State conditions of good auditorium
8.16 Solve the
related numerical problems
9.0 Understand the properties of matter
9.1 Define the term
Elasticity
9.2 Define
the terms stress and strain
9.3 State the units and dimensional formulae for stress and strain
9.4 State
the Hooke’s law
9.5 Define
the surface tension
9.6 Explain Surface
tension with reference to molecular theory
9.7 Define
angle of contact
9.8 Define
the capillarity
9.9 Write the formula for surface tension based on
capilarity
9.10 Explain the concept of
Viscosity
9.11 Provide examples for
surface tension and Viscosity
9.12 State Newton’s formula for viscous force
9.13 Define coefficient of viscosity
9.14 Explain the effect of temperature on
viscosity of liquids and gases
9.15 State Poiseulle’s equation for Coefficient of viscosity
9.16 Solve the related numerical problems
10.0 Understand the concept of Electricity and Magnetism
10.1 Explain
the concept of Electricity
10.2 State the Ohm’s law
10.3 Explain the Ohm’s law
10.4 Define specific
resistance, conductance and their units
10.5 State Kichoff’s laws
10.6 Explain Kichoff’s laws
10.7 Describe
Wheatstone’s bridge with legible sketch
10.8 Derive
expression for balancing condition of Wheatstone’s bridge
10.9 Describe
Meter Bridge with legible sketch
10.10 Write
the formula in Meter Bridge to determine specific resistance
10.11 Explain the concept of magnetism
10.12 State the Coulomb’s
inverse square law of magnetism
10.13 Define magnetic field and magnetic lines of force
10.14 State the Magnetic induction field strengthunits and dimensions
10.15 Describe the moment of couple on a
bar magnet placed in a uniform magnetic field 10.16 Derive Magnetic
induction field strength
at a point on the axial line
10.17 Derive Magnetic induction field strength at a point
on the equatorial line
10.18 Solve the related numerical problems
11.0 Understand the concept of Modern physics
11.1 Explain Photoelectric effect
11.2 Write Einstein‘s photoelectric equation
11.3 State laws of photoelectric effect
11.4 Explain the Working of photoelectric cell
11.5 List the Applications of photoelectric effect
11.6 Recapitulate refraction of light and its laws
11.7 Define critical angle
11.8 Explain the Total Internal
Reflection
11.9 Explain the principle
and working of Optical Fiber
11.10 Mention types of optical fibbers
11.11 List the applications of Optical Fiber
11.12 Define super conductor
and superconductivity
11.13 List the examples of superconducting materials
11.14 List the applications of superconductors
COURSE CONTENT
1. Units and Dimensions:
Introduction – Physical
quantity – Fundamental and Derived quantities – Fundamental and Derived units
SI units –Multiples and Sub multiples – Rules
for writing
S.I. unitsAdvantages of SI units
– Dimensions and Dimensional formulae Dimensional
constants and Dimensionless quantities Principle of Homogeneity Advantages and limitations of Dimensional analysis  Problems.
2. Elements
of Vectors:
Scalars and Vectors
–Types of vectors(Proper Vector, Null Vector, Unit Vector, Equal , Negative Vector, Like Vectors, CoInitial Vectors, Coplanar Vectors
and Position Vector).Addition of vectors
Representation of vectors Resolution
of vectors
 Parallelogram, Triangle and
Polygon laws of vectors–Subtraction
of vectors Dot and Cross products of vectorsProblems
3. Kinematics:
Introduction Concept
of acceleration due to gravity
Equations of motion
for a freely falling body and
for a body thrown up vertically
Projectiles Horizontal and Oblique projections
Expressions for maximum height, time of flight, range  problems
4. Friction:
Introduction to
friction Causes Types of friction
Laws of friction Angle of reposeAngle of friction— Motion of a body over a horizontal surface smooth
inclined plane rough
inclined plane Advantages and disadvantages
of friction Methods of reducing
friction – Problems
5. Work, Power and Energy:
Work, Power and Energy
Definitions and explanation potential energy kinetic energyDerivations
of Potential
and Kinetic
energiesK.E and Momentum relation  WorkEnergy theorem Law of Conservation of
energy Problems
6. Simple Harmonic Motion:
Introduction Conditions of
SHM Definition
Examples Expressions for displacement,
velocity, acceleration, Time period, frequency and phase in SHM
Time period of a simple pendulum Laws of simple pendulumseconds
pendulum Problems
7. Heat and Thermodynamics:
Expansion of Gases Boyle’s law Absolute scale of temperature Charles laws Ideal
gas equation Universal gas constant Differences between r and R Isothermal
and adiabatic
processes Laws of thermodynamics Specific heats  molar specific heats of a gas –Derivation of Mayer’s Equation Problems
8. Sound:
Sound Nature of
sound Types of wave motion musical sound
and noise
Noise pollution – Causes & effects Methods
of reducing
noise pollution Beats Doppler effect
Echo ReverberationReverberation timeSabine
‘s formulaCondition
of good auditorium Problems
9. Properties of matter
Definition of Elasticity
–Definition of stress and strain the units
and dimensional formulae for stress and strainThe Hooke’s law
Definition of surface tensionExplanation of Surface tension with reference to molecular
theory  Definition of angle of contact  Definition of capillarity The formula for
surface tension based on capillarity  Explanation of concept of Viscosity  Examples for surface
tension and Viscosity  Newton’s formula for viscous force Definition of coefficient of
viscosity The effect of temperature on viscosity of liquids and gases  Poiseuille’s equation for Coefficient of viscosity
The related numerical problems
10. Electricity &
Magnetism:
Ohm’s law and explanation Specific resistance Kirchoff ’s laws Wheatstone’s bridge  Meter bridge Coulomb’s
inverse square law magnetic
field magnetic lines of forceMagnetic induction field strength magnetic induction field strength at a point
on the axial line  magnetic induction field strength at a point on the equatorial
line –problems.
11. Modern
Physics;
Photoelectric effect
–Einstein’s photoelectric equationlaws of photoelectric effect  photoelectric cell –Applications of photo electric
effect Total internal
reflection fiber optics principle and working of an optical fibertypes of optical fibers  Applications
of optical
fibers concept of superconductivity  applications
REFERENCE BOOKS
1.
Intermediate physics VolumeI Deepthi
2.
Unified physics Volume 1,2,3 and 4 Dr.S.L
Guptha and Sanjeev Guptha
3.
Text book of physics Volume I Resnick
& Holiday
4.
Text book of applied physics Dhanpath
Roy
5.
Fibre optics D.A
Hill
Blue Print for setting question paper at
different levels
S.No

Major
Topics

No.
of
Periods

Weightage of
Marks

Short answer
type

Essay type


K

U

A

K

U

A


1.

Units and Dimensions

08

03

1

0

0

0

0

0

2.

Elements of Vectors

12

13

0

0

1

0

1

0

3.

Kinematics

12

13

0

1

0

1

0

0

4.

Friction

08

10

0

0

0

0

1

0

5.

Work, Power and Energy

10

10

0

0

0

0

1

0

6.

Simple Harmonic Motion

12

13

0

0

1

0

1

0

7.

Heat & Thermodynamics

12

13

0

1

0

1

0

0

8.

Sound

12

13

0

1

0

0

0

1

9.

Properties of Matter

10

06

1

1

0

0

0

0

10.

Electricity & magnetism

14

13

0

1

0

0

1

0

11.

Modern Physics

10

03

1

0

0

0

0

0

Total:

120

110

3

5

2

2 2

5

1

ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY & ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
(Common to all Branches)
Subject Title : Engineering Chemistry & Environmental Studies
Subject Code : Common
104
Periods per week : 04
Total
periods per year : 120
Time
Schedule
S.No

Major topic

No of Periods

Weight age of marks

Short type (3marks)

Essay type (10 marks)

remarks


R

U

A

R

U

A


A. ENGINEERING
CHEMISTRY


1

Fundamentals of Chemistry

18

16

1

0

1

0

1

0


2

Solutions

10

8

1

0

0

0

0

1/2

5 mark


3

Acids and bases

10

8

0

0

1

0

1/2

0

5 mark


4

Principles of Metallurgy

10

10

0

0

0

1

0

0


5

Electrochemistry

14

13

0

1

0

0

0

1


6

Corrosion

8

10

0

0

0

0

1

0


7

Water Technology

14

13

1

0

0

1

0

0


8

Polymers

12

13

1

0

0

1

0

0


9

Fuels

6

3

1

0

0

0

0

0


B. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

18

16

1

1

0

0

1

0


total

120

110

6

2

2

3

3 1/2

1 1/2


18

6

6

30

35

15


OBJECTIVES
Upon
completion of the course the student shall be able to
A. ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY
1.0 Understand the
concept of Atomic structure
1.1 Explain
the fundamental particles of an atom like electron, proton and neutron
etc.,
1.2 Explain the concept of atomic number
and mass number
1.3 State
the Postulates of Bohr’s atomic theory and its limitations
1.4 Explain the concept of Quantum numbers with examples
1.5 Explain 1.Aufbau’s principle, 2.Hund’s rule and 3.Pauli’s exclusion
principle with respect to electron stability
1.6 Define Orbital in an atomic structure
1.7 Draw the shapes of s, p and d Orbitals
in an atomic structure
1.8 Distinguish between
Orbit and Orbital
1.9
Write the electronic configuration of elements up to atomic number 30
1.10 Explain the significance of chemical bonding
1.11 Explain
the Postulates of Electronic theory of valency
1.12 Define
the four types of Chemical bonding
viz.,Ionic, Covalent, Coordinate covalent and Metallic
1.13 Explain the
four types of Chemical bonding
viz.,Ionic, Covalent, Coordinate covalent and
Metallic
1.14 Explain bond formation
in NaCl and MgO
1.15 List Properties of Ionic compounds
1.16 Explain bond formation in Hydrogen molecule,
Oxygen molecule, and Nitrogen molecule using Lewis dot method
1.17 List Properties of Covalent compounds
1.18 Explain Metallic bond with Electron sea model
theory
1.18 Define the terms 1.Oxidation, 2.Reduction
and 3.Oxidation number
1.19 Calculate the Oxidation Number
1.20 Differentiate between
Oxidation Number and Valency
2.0 Calculate
Molarity, Molality and Normality of given Solution
2.1 Define the terms 1.Solution, 2.Solute
and 3.Solvent
2.2 Classify solutions based on physical state and
solubility
2.3 Define mole
2.4 Explain, with examples, the ‘Mole
concept’
2.5 Define
the terms 1. Atomic weight, 2. Molecular weight and 3. Equivalent weight
2.6 Calculate
Molecular weight and Equivalent weight of given
Acids, Bases and Salts
2.7 Define 1.Molarity, 2. Molality and 3.Normality of
solutions
2.8 Explain with examples Normality
2.9 Solve
Numerical problems on Mole, Molarity and Normality
3.0 Understand the concepts of Acids and bases
3.1 Explain Arrhenius theory of Acids and Bases
3.2 State the limitations of Arrhenius theory of Acids and Bases
3.3 Explain
Bronsted – Lowry theory of acids bases
3.4 State the limitations of Bronsted – Lowry theory of acids bases
3.5 Explain
Lewis theory of acids and bases
3.6 State the limitations of Lewis theory of acids and bases
3.7 Explain
the Ionic product of water
3.8 Define
pH and explain Sorenson scale
3.9 Solve the Numerical problems
on pH (Strong Acids and Bases)
3.10 Define buffer solution
3.11 Give atleast
three examples for buffer solutions
3.12 State the applications of buffer solution
4. 0 Understand
the Principles of Metallurgy
4.1 List at least eight Characteristics of Metals
4.2 Distinguish between Metals and Non Metals
4.3 Define the terms 1.Mineral, 2.Ore, 3. Gangue,
4. Flux and 5. Slag
4.4 Describe the methods of concentration of ore like 1.Hand picking,2. Levigation, and 3. Froth
Floatation
4.5 Describe the methods involved in
extraction of crude metal Roasting, Calcination and Smelting.
4.6 Explain the purification of Metals by Electrolytic Refining
4.7 Define
an Alloy
4.8 Write the Composition of the following
alloys:1.Brass, 2.German silver,
and Nichrome
4.9 List the uses of following
Alloys: Brass, German silver, Nichrome
5.0 Understand the concepts of
Electrochemistry
5.1 Define
the terms1. conductor, 2. Insulator, 3.Electrolyte and 4.Non – electrolyte
5.2 Distinguish between metallic conduction
and Electrolytic conduction
5.3 Explain Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation
5.4 Explain electrolysis by taking example fused NaCl
5.5 Explain
Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
5.6 Define
1.Chemical equivalent and 2.Electrochemical equivalent
5.7 Solve the Numerical problems based on Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
5.8 Define Galvanic cell
5.9 Explain the construction and working of Galvanic cell
5.10 Distinguish
between electrolytic cell and galvanic
cell
5.11 Explain
the standard electrode
potentials
5.12 Explain
the electrochemical series and its significance
5.13 Explain the
emf of a cell
5.14 Solve the numerical problems on emf of cell
6.0 Understand the concept of Corrosion
6.1 Define the term corrosion
6.2 Explain the Factors influencing the rate of corrosion
6.3 Explain
the concept of electrochemical theory of corrosion
6.4 Describe the formation of a) composition cells, b) stress
cells c) concentration cells
6.5 Explain
the mechanism of rusting of iron
6.6 Explain the methods of prevention of corrosion: a) Protective coatings
b) Cathodic protection (Sacrificial anode process and Impressed – voltage
process)
7. 0 Understand the concept of Water Technology
7.1 State the various Sources of water
like Surface and sub surface sources
7.2 Define
the terms soft water and hard water
with respect to soap consumption
7.3 Define
the term hardness of water
7.4 Explain
the various types of hardness of water like temporary and permanent
hardness
7.5 List the
usual chemical compounds causing hardness
of water (with Formulae)
7.6 State the disadvantages of using hard water in industries
7.7 Define Degree of hardness, units of hardness
(mg/L)
7.8 Explain
the methods of softening of hard water: a)
IonExchange process, b)Permutit process
7.9 Explain Municipal treatment of water for drinking purpose.
7.10 Osmosis and Reverse Osmosis
7.11 List the advantages of RO
7.12 State
three essential qualities of drinking water like
1).Safety, 2). Economy and 3)..Aesthetic
8.0 Understand the concepts of Polymers
8.1 Explain
the concept of polymerisation
8.2
Describe the methods
of polymerisation
a) addition
polymerisation of Ethylene b) condensation polymerisation of phenol and formaldehyde
(Only flow chart i.e. without chemical equations)
8.3 Define the term plastic
8.4 Classify
the plastics with examples
8.5 Distinguish between thermo and thermosetting plastics
8.6 List the Characteristics of plastics
8.7 State the advantages of plastics over traditional materials
8.8 State the disadvantages of using plastics.
8.9 Explain the methods of preparation of the following plastics:
1. Polythene,
2. PVC, 3.Teflon, 4. Polystyrene and 5.
Urea formaldehyde
8.9 Explain the uses of the following
plastics:
1. Polythene,
2. PVC, 3.Teflon, 4. Polystyrene
and 5. Urea formaldehyde
8.10 Define the term natural rubber
8.11 State the structural formula of Natural
rubber
8.12 Explain the processing of Natural rubber from latex
8.13 List the Characteristics of natural rubber
8.14 Explain the process
of Vulcanization
8.15 List the Characteristics of Vulcanized rubber
8.16 Define the term Elastomer
8.17 Describe
the preparation of the following synthetic rubbers a) Butyl
rubber, b) Bunas and c) Neoprene
rubber
8.18 List
the uses of the following synthetic rubbers
a) Butyl rubber, b) Bunas and c) Neoprene rubber
9.0 Understand the concepts of Fuels
9.1 Define the term fuel
9.2
Classify the fuels based on physical state – solid, liquid and gaseous
fuels,
9.3 Classify
the fuels based on occurrence primary and secondary
fuels
9.4 List the characteristics of good fuel
9.5 State the composition and uses of gaseous fuels:
a) water gas, b) producer
gas, c) natural gas, d)
coal gas, e) Bio gas
and f) acetylene
B. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
1.1
Define the term environment
1.2 Explain the scope and importance of environmental studies
1.3
Explain
the following terms 1).Lithosphere,
2).Hydrosphere, 3).Atmosphere, 4).Biosphere, 5)Pollutant,
6).Pollution, 7).Contaminant receptor  sink, particulates, dissolved oxygen, 8).Threshold limit value, 9).BOD, and 10).COD
1.4 Explain the growing energy needs
1.5 State the differences between renewable and
non renewable energy sourcesalternative energy sources.
1.6 Define an Ecosystem biotic component,
abiotic component and energy component,
1.7 Define the terms:
1).Producers, 2).Consumers and 3).Decomposers
with examples.
1.8 Explain biodiversity and threats to biodiversity
1.9 Define air pollution
1.10 Classify the air pollutants based on origin and physical
state of matter
1.11 Explain the causes of air pollution
1.12 Explain the use and over exploitation of forest resources and deforestation
1.13 Explain the effects of air pollution on human beings, plants and animals
1.14 Explain the green house effect  ozone layer depletion and acid rain
1.15 Explain the methods
of control of air pollution
1.16 Define water pollution
1.17 Explain the causes of water pollution
1.18 Explain the effects of water pollution on living and non living things
1.19 Understand
the methods of control of water pollution.
COURSE CONTENT
A. ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY
1. Fundamentals of Chemistry
Atomic Structure: Introduction  Fundamental particles –
Bohr’s theory – Quantum numbers  Aufbau
principle  Hund’s rule  Pauli’s
exclusion Principle Orbitals, shapes
of s, p and d orbitals  Electronic configurations of elements
Chemical Bonding: Introduction – types of chemical bonds
– Ionic and covalent bond with examples – Properties of Ionic and Covalent compoundsCoordinate covalent bond– Metallic bond
OxidationReduction: Concepts of OxidationReduction, Oxidation Number
calculations, differences
between Oxidation Number and Valency
2. Solutions
Introductionconcentration methods
– Mole concept, Molarity, Molality, Normality, Equivalent weights, Numerical problems on Mole, Molarity and Normality
3. Acids and Bases
Introduction – theories
of acids
and bases
and limitations
– Arrhenius theoryBronsted –Lowry
theory – Lewis acid base theory – Ionic product of water – pH and related numerical problems – buffer solutions –Applications.
4. Principles of Metallurgy
Characteristics of Metals and
distinctions between Metals and Non Metals, Metallurgy, ore, Gangue, Flux, Slag  Concentration of Ore –Hand picking, Levigation, Froth floatation –
Methods of Extraction of crude
Metal – Roasting, Calcination, Smelting – Alloys – Composition and uses
of Brass, German silver and Nichrome
5. Electrochemistry
Conductors, insulators,
electrolytes  Arrhenius theory of electrolytic
dissociation – electrolysis – Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
numerical problems – Galvanic cell – standard
electrode potential – electro chemical series
–emf and numerical
problems on emf of a cell
6. Water technology
Introduction –soft and hard water – causes of hardness – types of hardness
–disadvantages of
hard water
– degree of hardness (ppm) – softening
methods – permutit process – ion exchange process – numerical problems related to
degree of hardness – drinking water
– municipal treatment of water for
drinking purpose – Osmosis, Reverse Osmosis  advantages of Reverse osmosis
7. Introduction
 factors influencing corrosion  electrochemical theory of corrosion
 composition, stress and concentration cells– rusting of iron and
its mechanism – prevention of corrosion by coating methods, cathodic protection
8. Polymers
Introduction – polymerization
– types of polymerization – addition, condensation with examples –
plastics – types of plastics – advantages of plastics
over traditional materials –
Disadvantages of using plastics – preparation and uses of the following
plastics: 1. Polythene 2. PVC 3. Teflon
4. Polystyrene 5. Urea formaldehyde – Rubber – Natural
rubber – processing from latex
–Vulcanization – Elastomers – Butyl rubber, Bunas, Neoprene
rubber and their uses.
9. Fuels
Definition and classification of fuels – characteristics of good fuel  composition and uses of gaseous fuels.
B. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
Introduction – environment –scope and importance of environmental studies important terms – renewable and nonrenewable energy sources – Concept
of ecosystem,
producers, consumers and decomposers – Biodiversity,
definition and threats to Biodiversity.
air pollution  causesEffects – forest
resources : uses and over exploitation, deforestation,
acid rain, green house effect –ozone depletion – control of air pollution –
Water pollution – causes – effects – control
measures,
REFERENCE
BOOKS
1. Intermediate chemistry Vol 1&2 Telugu Academy
2. Intermediate chemistry Vol 1&2 Vikram Publishers
3. Intermediate chemistry Vol 1&2 Vignan Publishers & Deepthi
Publishers
4. Engineering Chemistry Jain & Jain
5. Engineering Chemistry O.P. Agarwal, HiTech.
6. Engineering Chemistry Sharma
7. Engineering Chemistry A.K. De