DIPLOMA IN ARCHITECTURAL ASSISTANTSHIP


SCHEME OF INSTRUCTIONS AND EXAMINATIONS
(FIRST YEAR)

Sub. Code
Name of the Subject
Instruction period per week
Total periods per Year

Scheme of Examination

 

 

Total Marks

Theory
Practical
Duration (Hours)
Sessional Marks
End exam marks
THEORY
AA-101
English -I
03
--
90
3
30
70
100
AA-102
Engineering Mathematics-I
05
--
150
3
20
80
100
AA-103
Engineering Physics
04
--
120
3
20
80
100
AA-104
Engineering Chemistry & Environmental Studies
04
--
120
3
20
80
100
AA-105
Building Materials
04
--
120
3
20
80
100
PRACTICALS
AA-106
Basic Design
--
06
180
6
40
60
100
AA-107
Architectural Graphics
--
04
120
3
40
60
100
AA-108
Perspective and Sciography
--
03
90
3
40
60
100
AA-109A
Physics Laboratory
--

03
90
3
20
30
50
AA-109B
Chemistry Laboratory
--
3
20
30
50
AA-110
Computer Fundamentals Lab Practice
--
03
90
3
40
60
100
Group Task/ Seminars
---
03
90




TOTAL
20
22
1260

310
690
1000
Note: Instructions for End Examinations
·         Big Size Drawing sheets are to be issued as many as required by the candidate,
·         A separate small drawing sheet to be provided to answer Part A which is to be collected at the end of first session.
·         The drawing sheets to be issued for Part-B after completion of Part-A during the first session itself.




BUILDING MATERIALS

Subject Title              :           Building Materials
Subject Code             :           AA-105
Periods / Week          :           04
Periods / Year            :           120

TIME SCHEDULE

Sl. No
Major Topics
No. of  periods
Weightage of  Marks
No of short ans. questions
No of Essay ans. questions
1.
Stone
08
03
1
-
2.
Bricks
10
10
-
1
3.
Lime
08
03
1
-
4.
Clay Products
10
10
-
1
5.
Sand
06
03
1
-
6.
Cement
08
10
-
1
7.
Mortars
08
13
1
1
8.
Concrete
10
13
1
1
9.
Timber and Timber Products
10
13
1
1
10.
Glass
08
03
1
-
11.
Metals
08
03
1
-
12.
Paints & Varnishes
08
10
-
1
13.
Plastics
08
10
-
1
14.
Modern Materials
10
06
2
-

Total:
120
110
10
8


OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of the subject the student shall be able to

1. Understand Selection of Stones and their acceptability for construction work
1.1  State the characteristics of good building Stones.
1.2  State the common varieties of stones used in different items of construction.
1.3  Explain the purpose of dressing of stones.

2. Understand the acceptability of bricks for construction work
2.1  Classification and Common sizes of Bricks – I.S. Specifications
2.2  State the characteristics of good Bricks.
2.3  State the uses of bricks.
2.4  State the uses and characteristics of refractory bricks and Fal-G- bricks.

3. Understand the types of lime for construction work
2.1  Explain the terms Slaking, Hydraulicity, Calcination.
2.2  State the properties and uses of Fat lime and Hydraulic lime.

4. Understand the suitability of tiles and pipes for construction
State the common variety of tiles used for different purposes – Roofing tiles (Mangalore tiles only) Floor tiles, Wall tiles.
State the characteristics of good tiles.
State the uses of stone ware pipes.
State the uses of porcelain and glazed tiles.

5. Understand the characteristics of sand
5.1  State the classification of sand.
5.2  State the characteristics of sand.
5.3  State the uses of good sand.
5.4  State the percentage of bulk allowance for construction work.
5.5  State the necessity of crushed stone powder as a substitute of sand.

6. Understand the types, characteristics and uses of Cements
6.1  List the ingredients of Cement.
6.2  State the classification of Cement and their uses.
6.3  State the characteristics of ordinary Portland cement.
6.4  State the grades of cement and their compressive strengths.
6.5  State the importance of Blended cement and its application (mixture of Fly ash or Furnace slag).

7. Understand the preparation of mortars
7.1  State the classification of mortars.
7.2  State the different proportions of mortars for various works.
7.3  Explain the method of preparation of cement mortars.
7.4  State the characteristics of good mortar.

8. Understand the preparation of concrete
8.1  State the ingredients of plain and reinforced concrete.
8.2  State the proportions of plain and reinforced concrete for different building works.
8.3  Define the terms Fine aggregate, Coarse aggregate and workability.
8.4  Explain the importance of Hydration of cement and water cement ratio.
8.5  Explain the method of preparing concrete.
8.6  State the characteristics of Concrete.
8.7  State the advantages of ready mix concrete.

9. Understand the selection of wood in Building construction
9.1  State the characteristics of good timber.
9.2  State the importance of seasoning and define preservation of timber.
9.3  Name the common varieties of trees in A.P, for Building construction.
9.4  State the uses of wood products in construction work.

10. Understand the application of glass in building construction
10.1       State the important uses of glass.
10.2       State the types of glasses available in market and their uses.

11. Understand the uses of metals in building work
11.1       State the uses of Copper, Lead, Zinc, Aluminium, Cast Iron, and Brass.
11.2       State the characteristics of the above metals.


12. Comprehend the knowledge of paints and varnishes
12.1       State the characteristics of good paints and Varnishes.
12.2       Select the different types of paints and varnishes available in
     market for different   types of building works.
12.3       State the process of painting on wood and metals.
12.4       State the process of polishing of woodwork.
12.5       List the different types of varnishes available in market.

13. Understand the application of Plastics in building construction
13.1     State the characteristics and uses of different types of Plastics – fibre plastics reinforced plastics, Plastic for doors and windows, Plastics for water tanks. Thermosetting and Thermodynamic Plastics.

14. Understand the characteristics and uses of Modern Materials available in Market for Building construction
14.1       State the characteristics and uses of Thermocole, Plaster of 
      Paris, glass wool, Fibre glass, wall paper, Asbestos sheets,
     Fibre sheets, cork, rubber.
14.2       The application of above materials in Building Construction.

COURSE CONTENT

1.0 STONES
1.1  Characteristics of good building stone.
1.2  Common Varieties of stones – granites, Marble, Cuddaph-slabs, Shahbad stones, sand stone, lime stone.
1.3  Dressing of stones – purpose and uses.

2.0   BRICKS
2.1  ISI specifications of bricks IS-1077-1971.
2.2  Characteristics of good bricks.
2.3  Uses and properties of refractory bricks, Fal – G – Bricks.
2.4  Hollow concrete blocks & cement mortar bricks embedded with stone.

3.0  LIME
3.1  Definition for the terms – Slaking, Hydraulicity and Calcination.
3.2  Properties and uses of Fat lime and Hydraulic lime.

4.0  CLAY PRODUCTS
4.1  Tiles – Types of tiles – Roofing tiles (Mangalore tiles only) Floor tiles – Ceiling tiles – Wall tiles.
4.2  Characteristics of good tiles.
4.3  Stoneware pipes – Uses.
4.4  Porcelain glazed tiles.

5.0  SAND
5.1  River sand, Pit sand and Sea Sand.
5.2  Characteristics of the above sands.
5.3  Bulking of sand – Percentage of bulkage allowance to be permitted.
5.4  Crushed stone powder as substitute of sand.

6.0       CEMENT
6.1  Ingredients of Cement
6.2  Classification of Cement – Ordinary Portland cement, quick – setting    cement. Rapid hardening cement, White cement, coloured cement.
6.3  Grades of cements and their strength & uses.
6.4  Blended cement.

7.0      MORTARS
7.1  Classification of Mortars – Lime Mortar, Cement Mortar, Surkhi Mortar, Blended mortar, Gauged, Gypsum and Mud Motor.
7.2  Different proportions of ingredients in mortars for various works.
7.3  Preparation of cement Mortar.
7.4  Brick laying Mortar and Finishing Mortars.

8.0    CONCRETE
8.1  Ingredients of plain concrete and Reinforced concrete.
8.2  Proportioning – Usual proportions for different item of works – Foundations, Columns, slabs, beams for ordinary buildings.
8.3  Define Fine Aggregate, Coarse Aggregate and Workability.
8.4  Explain the terms – Hydration of cement, water cement Ratio.
8.5  Methods of preparation of concrete – Hand Mix, Machine Mix.
8.6  Laying and Curing of concrete.
8.7  Properties of concrete
8.8  Introduction to ready mix concrete.

9.0   TIMBER AND TIMBER PRODUCTS
9.1  Characteristics of good timber.
9.2  Seasoning of timber – Importance
9.3  Common varieties of timber used for different works – Doors, Windows, Framework, Centering, Flooring and Cladding.
9.4  Wood Products – Veneer, Ply wood, Particle Board, Laminated Board, Straw board and their uses.

     10.0  GLASS
               10.1     Properties and uses of glasses.
               10.2        Types and uses of glass available in market – Soda lime glass,
     Sheet glass, Fibre glass, Structural glass, Wired glass and Bullet
     proof glass.

    11.0   METALS
11.1       Properties and Uses of – Copper, Aluminium, Cast –Iron, Brass,
      Steel & Stainless steel.
11.2       Usage of the above metals in Building Construction.

12.0  PAINTS AND VARNISHES
12.1       Characteristics of Paints – Varnishes.
12.2       Different types of paints on different wall surfaces – White cement, Cement primer– Oil bound distempers – Emulsion Paints.
12.3       Paints on Metals  - Powder coated paints
12.4       Paints on wood work – oil paints, plastic emulsions,
12.5       Varnishes, Polyurethane coating, Touchwood, Wood seals,
     Melamine finishes.

13.0  PLASTICS
13.1       Uses of Plastics – Fibre reinforced plastics, Alkalythene,
      Polythene, PVC, Perspex, Thermo-plastics, Thermo setting
      plastics.

14.0  MODERN MATERAILS
14.1       Uses of Thermocole, Plaster of paris, Glass wool, Fibreglass,
     Wall paper, Asbestos sheets, Fibre sheets, Cork, Rubber.
14.2       Uses and Properties of the above materials.
           
   REFERENCE BOOKS
1.    Building Materials by Rangwala.
2.    Building Construction by Bindra & Arora
3.    Building Construction by B.C. Punmia
4.    Building Materials by Sushil Kumar.
5.    Building Construction by Barry.
6.    Building Construction by McKay.
7.    Building Materials by N.Srinivasulu.

































BASIC DESIGN
Subject Title            :           Basic Design
Subject Code             :           AA-106
Periods / Week          :           06
Periods / Year            :           180

TIME SCHEDULE

Sl. No
Major Topics
No. of  periods
Weightage of marks
No of short ans. questions
No of essay ans. questions
1.
Introduction
06
-
-
-
2.
Use of Drawing Instruments
06
5
1
-
3.
Lines and Lettering
24
5
1
-
4.
Conventional Signs
06
5
1
-
5.
Scale and measure drawings
27
-
-
-
6.
Principles of basic design
48
10
2
-
 7.
Building Drawing
63
35
1
1

Total:
180
60
6
1

* Instructions For End Examinations: -
  • Big Size Drawing sheets are to be issued as many as required by the candidate,
  • A separate drawing sheet to be provided to answer Part A which is to be collected at the end of first session.
  • The drawing sheets to be issued for Part-B after completion of Part-A during the first session itself

Note: 1. Duration of examination is for 6 hours (Two sessions)
            2. No choice in Part A and B
            3. Part-A: 6 questions- each of 5 marks        
                Part-B: 1 question – 30marks from 10th topic
                                                    

OBJECTIVES:
Under completion of the study of the subject the student should be able to.

1.         Understand the Introductory part of the subject importance and principles of design
1.1     Understand the term basic design.
1.2     Importance of basic design in relation to Architecture.
1.3     Basic Principles of Design.

2.         Understand the various types and use of drawing Instrumentation
2.1     Explain in detail types of Scales and their use.
2.2     Make the student to understand in selecting a scale before starting to draw.
2.3     Explain to understand the exact use of drawing instruments.

3.         Understand the various types and use of Line and Lettering
3.1     Explain to draw different lines with weights and their use.
3.2     Explain the purpose of lettering and lettering types precise to single stroke, Roman lettering for capital and small alphabet.

4.         Understand the various types and use of Conventional Signs
4.1     Following National Building Code specify signs to draw building materials, Electrical Signs, plumbing signs, doors and windows representation in plan.

5.         Understand the various types and use of Scale and Measured drawings
5.1     Explain the importance of scale and measured drawings
5.2     Make to draw detailed plan, elevation, section, for dimensions for the given exercises.


6.         Understand and use of Principles of Basic Design.
6.1. Define the Principles of Design.
6.2. Draw relevant exercises to understand the above Principles in
        view of their applications.
6.3. Understand the term Composition.
6.4. Composition of geometrical and non -geometrical forms.
6.5. Define the term Focal design, Harmonious design, Contrast
        design and Abstract design and its applications in building
        activity.
6.6. To draw different varieties of Pattern designs with above
        concepts.

7. Understand and use of Building Drawing:
Make to draw and design the following: -
7.1. Bus-stop shelter
7.2. Ice cream parlour
7.3. Watch man’s cabin
7.4. Exhibition stall
7.5. LIG Building.
Note: Any three of the above mentioned to be done and 7.5. Is compulsory.

COURSE CONTENTS:

1.0          Introduction:
1.1  Importance of Design and Principles, Its Applications to Architecture.

2.0          Use of Drawing Instruments & Tools:
2.1  Usage of scales.
2.2  Selection of scales for various drawing.
2.3  Importance and Usage of drawing instruments.

3.0          Lines and Lettering:
3.1  Different line weights and their usage
3.2  Purpose of lettering.
3.3  Different types of lettering (a) Single stroke (b) Roman lettering
(c) Capital and small lettering.

4.0          Conventional Signs: (As per National Building code)
4.1  Building materials
4.2  Electrical Signs
4.3  Plumbing sings
4.4  Doors and Windows.

5.0          Scale and Measure Drawings:
5.1 Importance and purpose of measured drawings.
5.2  Stool
5.3  Chair
5.4  Table
5.5  Compound wall
5.6  Any small Existing building (Draw plan, section and un-repeated elevations).

6.0          Principles of Basic Design
6.1Composition, Balance, Rhythm, Proportion, Harmony, Contrast
6.2Understand the term composition.
6.3Composition of geometrical and non-geometrical forms
6.4Define the term focal design, harmonious design, contrast design and abstract design and their applications in building designs.
6.5To draw different varieties of pattern designs with above concepts.

Note:   Exercises to be done for the above by considering various Geometrical and non-Geometrical forms along with definition and explanation of the terms.

6.6 Drawing of interior furniture, flooring Patterns, Ceiling Patterns and Wall Patterns.
6.7 Exterior Elements like masses, voids, door Patterns, Window Patterns, Grills and Elevations.
7.0          Building Drawings:
Make to draw and design the following: -
7.1 Bus-stop shelter
7.2 Ice cream parlour
7.3 Watch man’s cabin
7.5  Exhibition stall
7.5 LIG Building.
 Note: Any three of the above mentioned to be done and 7.5 is compulsory.
Exercises:

1.         Draw different types of lines, Geometrical & Non Geometrical forms with the help of scales, drawing instruments and tools.
2.         (a) Draw different lines with different weights
            (b) Draw lettering (alphabets) passage writing in capitals and small
                letters with different heights in vertical, slant and Roman.
3.Draw Conventional signs as per Architectural standards and NBC , for the following:
3.1   Building materials
3.2   Graphical Representation for Door and Windows
3.3   Draw signs for Electrical fixtures
3.4   Draw signs for plumbing fixtures.

4          Exercises to be done by using Geometric & Non Geometric forms applying the principles of Architecture.
5.         Measure and draft the following: Stool, Chair, Table, and your institution  building  i.e part or whole of it– To draw plan, elevation and section showing  detailed dimensions.
6.         Design and Draw any two of the following: (i) Bus stop shelter, (ii) Ice cream parlour, (iii) Watch man’s cabin, (iv) Exhibition stall, 
7.         Design and draw of  LIG / Smal  building Unit – To draw plan, elevation, section and isometric  view with detailed dimensions.

Reference Books:
1.    Time Saver Standards – Edited by Joseph De Chiara
2.    Building Drawing by Shaw, Kale and Patki.
3.    Principles and practice of Interior design by M. Prathap Rao.
4.    Rendering with Pen and Ink by Robert W. Gill.

ARCHITECTURAL GRAPHICS

Subject Title                          :           Architectural Graphics
Subject Cod                           :           AA-107
Periods / Week                      :           04
Periods / Year                        :           120


TIME SCHEDULE


Sl. No
Major Topics
No. of  periods
Weightage of marks
No of short ans. questions
No of essay ans. questions
1.
Introduction
02
-
-
-
2.
Drawing instruments
02
-
-
-
3.
Lines
04
03
-
1
4.
Dimensioning
04
03
-
5.
Lettering & Numbering
16
09
1
6.
Scales
16
15
1
1
7.
Geometrical constructions
16
15
1
1
8.
Orthographic Projections
20
15
1
1
9.
Sections
20
10
-
1
10.
Isometric, Axonometric, Oblique views.
20
10
-
1

                                             Total:
120
80
4
6

Note:   1. Duration of examination is for 3 hours
            2. Part A: 4 questions – each question carries 5 marks
            3. Part B: 4 questions have to be answered out of 6 questions
      each question carries 10 marks

OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of the subject the student shall be able to

1.         Understand the Importance and application of Drawing
1.1     Understand the importance of drawing.
1.2     The importance of drawing as a communication tool.
1.3     Understand the link between drawing and other subjects related to Architecture.

2.         Understand various types of Drawing Instruments.       
2.1     Select correct instrument to draw horizontal, vertical and angular lines.
2.2     Select correct instrument to draw small, large circles and arcs.
2.3     Select correct instruments to measure the distance on the drawing.

3.         Understand the different types/weights of Lines and their application
3.1  Using correct grade of pencil for different types of lines, thickness, given the functions.

4.         Understand the types and method of Dimensioning
4.1  State the need for dimensioning a drawing according to accepted standard.
4.2  Define “Dimensioning”
4.3  Identify the system of dimensioning to be followed.
4.4  Dimensioning and notation of important features of the drawing.
4.5  Prepare title block and identify steps to keep the drawing neat & tidy.

5.         Understand types and method of Lettering & Numbering
5.1  Write drawing titles using vertical and sloping alphabets and
     numbers.
5.2  Select suitable size of lettering for different layouts and applications and lettering stencils.

6.         Understand various types of Scales and their usage     
6.1  Define the concepts of scales
6.2  Understand enlarging and reducing scales.
6.3  Construct Plain Scale.
6.4  Construct diagonal scale.
6.5  Understand the application  of scale in drawing.

8.                  Understand the method of Geometrical Construction and its
 application:
7.1   Divide a given line into desired number of equal parts internally.
7.2   Construct Polygons based on given data.

8.         Understand the method of Orthographic Projections and their   application:
8.1  Explain the principles of orthographic Projection with simple
      sketches.
8.2  Prepare orthographic projection of geometrical plane in first angle projection.
8.3  Prepare orthographic projection of geometrical solids in first angle projection.

9.         Understand the method of drawing of Sections
9.1  Explain the need to draw sectional view.
9.2  Select correct position of sectional plane to show maximum details.
9.3  Draw sectional views of geometrical solids cut by different sectional plane.
9.4  Understand and apply principles of hatching.

10.       Understand the method of drawing and their applications of Isometric, Axonometric and Oblique views.
10.1  State the need for isometric, axonometric and oblique views.
10.2  Given orthographic projection, draw isometric view, axonometric view and oblique view of the object.
10.3  Differentiate between isometric, axonometric and oblique views.



COURSE CONTENT

1.0       Introduction
1.1      Understand the importance of drawing in graphic communication.
1.2      Explanation of the scope and objectives of the subject of drawing
1.3      Role of drawing in architecture.

2.0       Drawing Instruments
2.1      Basic tools of drawing : Straight line, curved lines, distances, T-Square, set square, compass, Drawing board, French curves, inking pens, Stencils, furniture templates, circles and  ellipse templates, parallel bar, adjustable set square, selection of pencils, care and maintenance of drawing sheet and instruments.
3.0          Lines
3.1      Lines, Line types and line weights.

4.0          Dimensioning
4.1      Purpose of dimensioning
4.2      Size description of engineering object
4.3      Definition of dimensioning, size description, locations of features, Surface finish,fully dimensioned drawing.
4.4      Notation and tools for dimensioning dimension line, extension line, leader line, arrow, symbols, numbers and notes, rules to be observed.
4.5      Placing of dimension line – aligned, Unidirectional
4.6      Arrangement of dimension – Chain, parallel, combined, by co- ordinate methods.
4.7      Rules for dimensioning circles, arcs, angles, chamfer, taper and narrow spaces.
4.8      Importance and contents of layout of sheet.

5.0          Lettering and Numbering
5.1      Purpose of lettering
5.2      Guide lines for lettering
5.3      Recommended size of letters and numbers.
5.4      Types of lettering – vertical, italics, etc
5.5      Advantage of single stroke and Simple Style of letters
5.6      Use of lettering stencils.

6.0          Scale
6.1      Explanation of scales, R.F. importance of scales construction of plain scale, diagonal scale.

7.0          Geometrical Construction
7.1      Division of a line into given no. of equal parts, Bisectors
7.2      Polygon – using set squares, using compass – circles method, inscribing and
circumscribing of polygon and circles.

8.0          Orthographic Projection
8.1      Explanation of Orthographic Projection, concept of front view, top view, side view.
8.2      Explanation of “First Angle Projection”, position of three views in first angle.
8.3      Projection, use of mitre line for projection of side views.
8.4      Projection of planes, squares, rectangle, circles, polygons.
8.5      Projection of solids, cubes, cuboids, prism, solids of revolution – Cylinder and cones.

9.0          Section
9.1      Need of drawing Sectional views.
9.2      Cutting plane – location, purpose, selection for maximum information.
9.3      Sections of Geometrical solids and their projections – cubes, cuboid, Prisms.
9.4      Hatching of cut surfaces.

10.0       Isometric views, Axonometric views and Oblique views
10.1    Explanation of pictorial drawing – Isometric, axonometric and oblique views.
10.2    Isometric drawing, angle for projection, visual distortion, isometric scale.
10.3    Isometric view of planes – Square, rectangle, polygons, circles.
10.4    Isometric views of solids and engineering objects.

EXERCISES
1.         To draw layout of sheet.
2.         Simple exercises on the use of drawing instruments.
3.         Lines, line weights.
4.         Line types.
5.         Dimensioning of a given drawings using the rules and method of Dimensioning.
6.         Free hand lettering of alphabets and Numerals, vertical and sloping, capitals and small letters with different heights.
7.         Free hand lettering of passage.
8.         Construction of plain scale given R.F and max. length, 5 and 6 problems to be solved.
9.         Construction of diagonal scale given R.F, 5 and 6 problems to be solved.
10.       Construction of line into equal parts, perpendicular bisectors, angle bisectors with compass.
11.       Construction of polygon using circle method.
12.       Construction of polygon using set squares and T. squares
13.       Construction of polygon using compass.
14.       Orthographic projections of geometrical planes in different relative positions with reference to HP & VP – 10 exercises.
15.       Orthographic projections of geometrical solids in different relative positions with reference to HP& VP-10 exercises.
16.       Sections of solids and their projection with different sectional planes.
17.       Isometric views of engineering objects.
18.       Axonometric views of engineering objects.
19.       Oblique views of engineering objects.

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Engineering Drawing by R.C.Mouli.
2. Engineering Drawing by N.D.Bhatt.
3. Engineering Drawing by V.Gopal Krishna
4. Building Drawing by Shaw, Kale and Patki.










PERSPECTIVE & SCIOGRAPHY

Subject Title              :           Perspective & Sciography
Subject Code             :           AA-108
Periods / Week          :           03
Periods /Semester    :           90

TIME SCHEDULE


Sl. No
Major Topics
No. of  periods
Weightage of  Marks
No of short ans. questions
No of essay ans. questions
Part A
Part B
1.
Introduction
03
-

-
-
2.
Terminology
03
5

1
-
3.
One point prospective
30
5
30
1
1
4.
Two point perspective
36
5
1
5.
Rendering & Sciography
18
5
10
1
1

Total:
90
20
40
4
2
Note:
·         The problem should be limited to small unit to enable the student to complete it within three hours of examination
·         Duration of the examination is 3 hours (one session only)
·         No choice in Part A and B
·         Part-A: 4 questions –each of 5 marks
     Part B: 2 questions
                          5th Question – 30 Marks,  from Sl.No. 3&4 Topics
             6th Question – 10 Marks,  from Sl. No. 5 Topic

OBJECTIVES
Upon completion of the subject the student shall be able to
1.0       Introduction
1.1  Make to understand the subject and its importance.
1.2  Explain to understand the uses of it.

2.0       Terminology
2.1  Define and explain the terminology with sketches.
2.2  Explain to understand the difference between the perspectives
 ( one and two point).

3.0       One point perspective & Two point perspective
3.1  Explain to understand the principle of projecting the view.
3.2  Draw & Explain on a board so as to understand by candidate to draw

4.0       Rendering & Sciography
4.1       Explain with sketches while defining the terminology
4.2       Explain to draw Sciography in  elevations and simple blocks
            with different media  pencil  (black & White), Colour pencils etc.


COURSE CONTENT

1.         Introduction  
                                          i.    Introduction to the subject
                                         ii.    Uses of the perspectives in Architectural Design.

2.         Terminology
                                          i.        Ground Plane
                                         ii.        Horizontal Plane
                                        iii.        Auxiliary Plane,
                                       iv.        Centre of vision
                                        v.        Central plane
                                       vi.        Eye level & Eye level plane
                                      vii.        Object
                                     viii.        Station point
                                       ix.        Height line
                                        x.        Picture plane
                                       xi.        Vanishing points
                                      xii.        Cone of vision
                                     xiii.        Fore ground
                                     xiv.        Back ground
                                      xv.        Sky line
                                     xvi.        Any other terms relevant to the subject
                                    xvii.        One point perspective
                                   xviii.        Two point perspective
                                     xix.        Differences and applicable uses of both perspectives.

3.         One point perspective
                                          i.    Concept and uses
                                         ii.    Method of projection & principles / Guide lines

Exercises
i)      Object placed on the picture plane
ii)      Object placed behind the picture plane
iii)    Object placed in front of the picture plane

The exercises (i) (ii) and (iii) to be done considering single block (or) multiple blocks (or)Composed with various geometric forms (iv) An interior view for a bed room (or) small restaurant (or) class room (or) conference hall. (v) An Exterior views for an entrance façade.

4.         Two point perspective
i)              Concept and uses of it
ii)             Method of projection & principles / Guidelines

a.            Exercises – (a) Single block & Multiple blocks forms of
                  L,H,I,.T, Steps etc.
                  Note any two exercises to be done from above.
b.            Composite form of cube (Square / rectangle) Cylinder,
           cone etc,
c.            Small buildings – Simple bed room unit
d.            Buildings of two bed room having single floor only.

5.         Rendering & Sciography
Definitions of terms
i                               Shade
ii                              Shadow
iii                             Shadow line
iv                             Sciography
  
 Exercises in pencil media / colour pencils
a      Sciography for simple blocks in elevations
b      Sciography for the views of one point & Two point
exercises did above.
c      Sciography for an elevation of building (Single bed
       or double bed unit).

REFERENCE BOOKS
            1.         Building drawing by Shah & Kale and Patki
            2.         Creative perspective by Robert . W.Gill
            3.         Rendering with pen & Ink by Robert.W.Gill
            4.         Interior Design by M. Prathap Rao.
            5.         Engineering Drawing by B.N. Dutta.














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