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Unit - 1                                                                            Listening Skills - 1

On completion of this unit you will be able to...
·         understand the importance of listening for improving your  language
·         listen to and comprehend conversations and short speeches in English
·         speak spontaneously  in response to what you have listened to
·         participate in discussions

Preparatory Work                                                                                 15 min
Look at the following pictures and state what the people in the pictures are doing?

Is the act of listening important?  If so, why?
Ø  Now read the following and talk to your partner about what you read based on the cues given below.
Listening leads to speaking.  Everyone can speak his mother tongue well because he listens to it everyday. Anyone can develop speaking skills of a language by listening attentively to that particular language repeatedly.  This is how you learnt your mother tongue. This is a natural way of learning a language. However, this is not how you probably learnt English. 
 This unit attempts to focus on the aspect that listening to English will help you to improve it because listening to English more and more makes you familiar with the sounds, words and structure of the language. This familiarity will make you good speakers and also good writers.
 This unit contains three listening sections, first a conversation at a lost property cell, second a presentation on banking and the third a radio talk on bicycles.
Ø  Think of how you learnt English
Ø  Differences between how you learnt your mother tongue and how you learnt English

Activity 1
Ø  Imagine a situation where you have lost your purse at a busy market place. Now think aloud as many words as possible that are associated with this situation.  One has been given to help you  to start.                                                                10 min

·         Listen carefully to Section 1                                                                  15min
·         Fill in the blanks for questions 1 -10
·         Complete the form given below as you listen to the conversation
·         Write not more than one word or a number for each answer

Now check the answers
Ø  Work in Pairs.                                                                                                30 min

§  Speak as much as you can
§  Listen to you partner carefully
§  Use examples to explain your point
Take roles as per the situation and tell each other what you might do in the following situations.
·         You lost your bag at college
·         Your friend called you and told that he lost his purse at the theatre
·         Your luggage was stolen at a busy bus stand
·         Your mother is searching for the ration card at home.

Activity 2                                                                                                  15 min

Ø  Now check the answers
 What was the topic for the presentation that you heard?                                    10 min
Ø  Think aloud words and phrases on the concept of ‘Saving Money’ You could think of words that answer the questions what, where, when, why, how etc. You may   use these words and phrases for the speaking activity that follows.


§ Select Spokesperson
        Time keeper
         Note taker
§  Listen to others while they speak
§ Contribute actively to the discussion
Now discuss in groups the following issues and one of you present your group’s views to the class.                                                            30 min
·         Is saving money important? If so why? If not, why ?
·         What do you understand from the following pictures? How
has banking changed over the years?



·         If you to have Rs. 2 lakhs, how will you spend it?

Activity 3                                                                                                        10 min

Now check the answers

§  Listen to others while they speak
§ Speak in a respectful tone
§ Add points to what others have said
Discuss in groups the following:                                                        20 min
1. What is your mode of transport to college? Why have
     you chosen it ?
2. Is the trend of racing among youth good?

Ø  Now read the passage on cycling

To be fit and healthy you need to be physically active. Regular physical activity can help protect you from serious diseases such as obesity, heart disease, cancer, mental illness, diabetes and arthritis. Riding your bicycle regularly is one of the best ways to reduce your risk of health problems associated with a sedentary lifestyle.

Cycling is a healthy, low-impact exercise that can be enjoyed by people of all ages, from young children to older adults. It is also fun, cheap and good for the environment.
It only takes two to four hours a week to achieve a general improvement to your health. Cycling is:
·         Low impact – it causes less strain and injuries than most other forms of exercise.
·         A good muscle workout – cycling uses all of the major muscle groups as you pedal.
·         Easy – unlike some other sports, cycling does not require high levels of physical skill. Most people know how to ride a bike and, once you learn, you don’t forget.
·         Good for strength and stamina – cycling increases stamina, strength and aerobic fitness.
·         As intense as you want – cycling can be done at very low intensity to begin with, if recovering from injury or illness, but can be built up to a demanding physical workout.
·         A fun way to get fit 
·         Time-efficient – as a mode of transport, cycling replaces sedentary (sitting) time spent driving motor vehicles or using trams, trains or buses with healthy exercise.

Health benefits of regular cycling

Cycling is mainly an aerobic activity, which means that your heart, blood vessels and lungs all get a workout. You will breathe deeper, perspire and experience increased body temperature, which will improve your overall fitness level. 

The health benefits of regular cycling include:

·         increased cardiovascular fitness
·         increased muscle strength and flexibility
·         improved joint mobility
·         decreased stress levels
·         improved posture and coordination
·         strengthened bones
·         decreased body fat levels
·         prevention or management of disease
·         reduced anxiety and depression.

Ø  Work in pairs and talk about the differences in the pictures that you see below
Ø  You can choose one of the pictures and speak about it


Wrap up                                                                                                                     10 min

Ø  You are given ten  minutes time to recall what you have learnt in this class

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